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Born Dec. 30, 1884, in Tokyo; died there Dec. 23,1948. General; one of Japan’s major war criminals.
Beginning in 1915, Tojo occupied a series of high posts in the Japanese Army, serving from 1937 to 1938 as chief of staff of the Kwantung Army. He also served in the Japanese government, as vice-minister of war in 1938 and 1939, as minister of war from July 1940 to October 1941 and, while retaining control of the war ministry, as prime minister from October 1941 to July 1944. A supporter of Japan’s alliance with fascist Germany and Italy, Tojo pursued a policy of active assistance to fascist Germany during the war against the USSR. He also played a leading role in Japan’s decision to launch a war in the Pacific in 1941. Tojo was executed in accordance with a sentence imposed by the International War Tribunal for the Far East.