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an economic region in Japan, on the Pacific coast of Honshu Island. It includes Aichi, Mie, and Shizuoka prefectures. Area, 18,700 sq km. Population, about 10 million (1970), 75 percent of which is urban. The most important cities are Nagoya, Shizuoka, Toyohashi, Yokkaichi, Hamamatsu, and Tsu.

Tokai, one of Japan’s largest industrial regions, accounts for about 10 percent of the national income and the country’s finished industrial production. The main branches of industry include transportation machine building (motor vehicles, aircraft, ships, locomotives, and railroad cars), electrical engineering, machine-tool construction, nonferrous and ferrous metallurgy, food-processing, and the manufacture of textiles, chemicals, ceramics, and petrochemicals (there is a petrochemical combine in Yokkaichi). Tokai is an ancient center for the production of Sheto porcelain.

Agriculture is intensive—about 15 percent of the land is farmed. Most of the area is under rice; other crops include barley, wheat, soybeans, and sweet potatoes. Tokai is also a region of market gardening, melon growing, fruit growing (mainly mandarins; Aichi Prefecture ranks as one of the largest producers in the country), tea plantations, and poultry farming. Other industries include sericulture, pearl cultivation, and fishing. The main ports are Nagoya and its outer harbor, Yokkaichi (freight turnover of 88 million tons in 1974).

More than 20 million tourists visit the Tokai region each year. The area has national parks and hot springs.


References in periodicals archive ?
9 September 2016 - US-based drugmaker Tokai Pharmaceuticals Inc.
The solar car team from Japan's Tokai University, powered by Panasonic's HIT(TM) solar modules and high capacity lithium-ion batteries, crossed the finish line in 3rd place at the Bridgestone World Solar Challenge 2015, one of the world's largest solar car races, which began on October 18 in Australia.
Tatsuya Murakami, known for his strident opposition to nuclear power, has retired as mayor of Tokai, Ibaraki Prefecture, home to multiple atomic energy facilities including a nuclear fuel company where a deadly radiation accident took place in 1999.
JR Tokai is planning to give briefings on its plan at local meetings.
JR Tokai hopes to expand service from Tokyo beyond Nagoya to Osaka by 2045.
20 September 2011 - US prostate cancer treatments developer Tokai Pharmaceuticals said on Tuesday it had secured USD23m (EUR16.
An extensive overview of leprosy, from past to present, is covered in this detailed study published by Tokai University Press of Tokyo.
signs contract with Tokai University(C)1994-2011 ENPublishing - http://www.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-May 10, 2011--JCR upholds Tokai Tokyo Financial euro medium-term notes at BBB(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
Tokyo, Oct 5, 2010 - (JCN) - The "Tokai Challenger" solar race car developed by Tokai University and equipped with Sharp compound solar cells has won the South African Solar Challenge 2010 for the second consecutive time, following its previous victory in 2008.
The Tokai University team and their solar car participated in and won a solar car race that was held in Australia last year, the Global Green Challenge(1).
Andrew Pelling, 57, faced calls to pay back thousands of pounds to taxpayers after it was alleged he worked for Japanese firm Tokai Tokyo while on sick pay from his pounds 61,820-a-year job at Westminster.