Tolpuddle Martyrs


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Tolpuddle Martyrs,

name given to six English agricultural laborers who in 1834 were prosecuted for trade union activities and sentenced to transportation. In 1833 these laborers, led by George and James Loveless (or Lovelace), formed a branch of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Laborers at Tolpuddle, in Dorset. With the approval of the Whig government, which feared a renewal of the agricultural agitation of 1831, they were arrested on the trumped-up charge of administering illegal oaths and were sentenced to seven years transportation to Australia. Public reaction throughout the country made the six into popular heroes, and the sentence was finally remitted in 1836 after continuous agitation. One of the six returned to Tolpuddle; the others emigrated to Canada.
References in periodicals archive ?
Review Editors note: I did adapt Jackie's review, the headlining act for the Saturday evening of the Tolpuddle Martyrs Festival in July this year was The Jackie Oates Band.
He was a supporter of the Combination Laws that, in essence, prevented the formation of Trade Unions: the Tolpuddle Martyrs were transported to Australia because of their defiance of those laws.
For what crime were the Tolpuddle Martyrs transported to Australia in 1834?
We sent them the Tolpuddle Martyrs, we even supplied the ships to get there, and in return comes an artist with a bad veterinary surgery habit invading our TV sets with Damien Hirst-style animal dissection: "Poor Tinkerbell had to be operated on immediately and vet Bruce found something red and slimy.
30am The second day of the Tolpuddle Martyrs Festival in Tolpuddle, Dorset, a family friendly weekend organised by the TUC which celebrates the six Dorset farmworkers who were sentenced to six years transportation in 1834 for forming a union.
Andrew Evans Thank goodness the Tolpuddle Martyrs weren't of the same opinion and so easily put off.
Not that the traders and business people would admit that they're the 21st-century successors to the Chartists or the Tolpuddle Martyrs - and in the strictest sense, of course, they are not.
Squire James Frampton - the man who had the Tolpuddle Martyrs sent to Australia - feared that workers organising themselves threatened the power of employers and landowners and called on the full might of the law to silence them.
It was there that I read and wrote about the birth of trade unionism, the Tolpuddle Martyrs, John Frost and the Newport riots and attempts to stand up for a liveable wage and better conditions.
Many of these groups, such as the Gunpowder Plotters, Pilgrim Fathers, Lunar Society, Tolpuddle Martyrs, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood or Bloomsbury Group, are instantly recognizable and have long been the subject of scholarly and popular interest.
The Tolpuddle Martyrs long-owed their pardons still haunt the court, the walks, the gardens.
The Busby Babes - the Manchester United football team killed in a plane crash, the Tolpuddle Martyrs and Jack The Ripper also earn a place in the dictionary.