Tom Stoppard


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Stoppard, Tom,

1937–, English playwright, b. Zlín, Czechoslovakia (now in the Czech Republic), as Tomas Straussler. During his childhood he and his family moved to Singapore, later (1946) settling in Bristol, England, where he became a journalist. In 1960 he moved to London, where he became a theater critic and wrote radio plays. He first gained prominence with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (1967), a witty drama about peripheral characters in Shakespeare's Hamlet. Stoppard is noted for his idiosyncratic style, artful and complex construction, deft parody, profound intellectuality, wide-ranging knowledge, and ability to find significance in wordplay and bizarre juxtapositions of language and character. In Travesties (1974), for example, James JoyceJoyce, James,
1882–1941, Irish novelist. Perhaps the most influential and significant novelist of the 20th cent., Joyce was a master of the English language, exploiting all of its resources.
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, LeninLenin, Vladimir Ilyich
, 1870–1924, Russian revolutionary, the founder of Bolshevism and the major force behind the Revolution of Oct., 1917. Early Life
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, and Tristan TzaraTzara, Tristan
, 1896–1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see Dada).
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 collaborate on a production of Oscar WildeWilde, Oscar
(Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde), 1854–1900, Irish author and wit, b. Dublin. He is most famous for his sophisticated, brilliantly witty plays, which were the first since the comedies of Sheridan and Goldsmith to have both dramatic and literary merit.
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's play The Importance of Being Earnest.

Many critics consider his Jumpers (1973), a play that includes gymnastics, murder, song, dance, and ethical discussion, and Arcadia (1993), a drama that takes place in both 1809 and the early 1990s and is centered on a 19th-century mathematical prodigy and a 20th-century literary scholar, his finest works. Stoppard's other plays include The Real Inspector Hound (1968); Dirty Linen (1976); The Real Thing (1982); Hapgood (1988); Indian Ink (1995); The Invention of Love (1997); and Rock 'n' Roll (2006). One of his most complex and acclaimed later works, the trilogy The Coast of Utopia (2002), explores the roots of the Russian Revolution via six late 19th-century intellectuals and their associates and spans 35 years.

Stoppard is also a skilled screenwriter; he was a main scriptwriter for Brazil (1985) and Empire of the Sun (1987), won particular acclaim for his Shakespeare in Love (1998, with Marc Norman), and wrote the script for Anna Karenina (2012). He also has written for television, and is the author of a novel, Lord Malaquist and Mr. Moon (1966), and short stories.

Bibliography

See P. Delaney, ed., Tom Stoppard in Conversation (1994) and M. Gussow, Conversations with Stoppard (1995, rev. ed. 2003); biography by I. Nadel (2001); studies by R. Hayman (1977), V. L. Cahn (1979), J. Hunter (1982); T. R. Whitaker (1983), M. Page (1986), S. Rusinko (1986), M. Billington (1987), J. Harty, ed. (1988), A. Jenkins (1987, 1990), K. E. Kelly (1991), R. A. Andretta (1992), T. Hodgson (2001); J. Fleming (2001), J. Hunter (1982, 2005), and H. Bloom, ed. (rev. ed. 2003); K. E. Kelly, ed., Cambridge Companion to Tom Stoppard (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
From top, Tom Stoppard, Stephen Fry and Sir Salman Rushdie have all criticised the Lords amendment
Tom Stoppard has been one of the most delightful of British playwrights.
Tom Stoppard is arguably the world's greatest living playwright and surely there has never been a better time to publish the first full-length biography of this extraordinary writer.
THE wife of film star Jeremy Irons has developed a close friendship with leading playwright Sir Tom Stoppard.
Starring Dougray Scott and Kate Winslet, the screenplay is by playwright Tom Stoppard and is directed by Michael Apted (Gorky Park, The World Is Not Enough).
In the past twelve years, Tom Stoppard has written only two major works for the theatre, hence the anticipation surrounding the April 1993 opening of Arcadia.
Short Takes: Tom Stoppard made his name with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead> so it's fitting that he have the privilege of running riot through his own text, as director of the film version.
Renowned Playwright Tom Stoppard, International Architect Zaha Hadid and Celebrated Pianist Alfred Brendel Among the Winners
Arcadia'' is regarded by many as the best play of perhaps the greatest living playwright, Tom Stoppard.
It's been adapted from Ford Maddox Ford's quartet of novels by none other than the acclaimed playwright and screenwriter Sir Tom Stoppard.
There are also a couple of meaty-looking dramas coming up - The Last Weekend, a three-part thriller based on Blake Morrison's novel and starring Rupert Penry-Jones and Shaun Evans (ITV1, tomorrow, 9pm) and Parade's End, a five-part drama based on the novels of Ford Madox Ford, written by Tom Stoppard and featuring an all-star cast including Benedict Cumberbatch, Anne-Marie Duff, Stephen Graham and Miranda Richardson (BBC2, Friday, 9pm).