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inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another



inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.


Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.



Inflammation of the tonsils.
References in periodicals archive ?
I had a sick line for three weeks because the doctor said I shouldn't pass my tonsilitis on to the kids.
His back is improving and so is his attack of tonsilitis which was quite a severe one.
Miller is Scotland's main doubt for the clash, although it emerged yesterday skipper Darren Fletcher is struggling with tonsilitis.
Chris has got a little touch of tonsilitis - he'll be no problem," he said.
Dalglish revealed that Sotirios Kyrgiakos missed Monday's game due to tonsilitis but he could return to the squad for Sunday's trip to Arsenal.
Jones himself was suffering from tonsilitis last weekend, while Stephen McPhail was withdrawn from the squad for the home match against Nottingham Forest at the last minute.
It marked the end of an injury-hit year in which the British world record holder has undergone foot surgery to remove a bunion, as well as suffering from tonsilitis and a hamstring injury.
It marked the end of an injury-hit year in which the British world record holder has undergone foot surgery to remove a bunion, as well as suffering from tonsilitis and a hamstring injury that caused her to miss both the World Championships and world half-marathon championships, However, the 35-year-old is confident she will return from the latest setback.
The 35-year-old Briton, seeking her fourth win in the 40th edition of the race, told reporters on Friday she was in good shape after a troublesome year which included foot surgery, hamstring problems and tonsilitis.
ATHLETICS: Marathon world record holder Paula Radcliffe has been forced to withdraw from this weekend's World Half Marathon Championships in Birmingham because of tonsilitis.
The verse concludes, "For the doctor has harrowed his being,/ And of medicine wondrous the might is;/ He suffers in agony, seeing/He is prey to acute tonsilitis.
Jones, fully fit again following a wrist injury, replaces Llanelli Scarlets loosehead Iestyn Thomas, with McBryde having recovered from tonsilitis to take over from Mefin Davies.