Spaatz, Carl

(redirected from Tooey Spaatz)

Spaatz, Carl

(1891–1974) aviator; born in Boyertown, Pa. A 1914 West Point graduate, he shot down three German aircraft as commander of the Thirty-first Aero Squadron in France during World War I. Along with Ira C. Eaker and several relief pilots, "Tooey" Spaatz established an air endurance record of 150-plus hours over Los Angeles in January 1929. His support of air power advocate William Mitchell slowed his progress through the grades, but by July 1941 he had risen to chief of air staff under George C. Marshall. Spaatz went on to command the air arm for Eisenhower in North Africa and Sicily, and became chief of the Strategic Air Force, Europe, in 1944. Blunt and forceful, he argued that air power alone could subjugate the Germans—a theory the Allied invasion of France rendered untestable. After the end of the European war, Spaatz commanded the air force in the Pacific, directing the firebombing and, in August 1945, the atomic bombing of Japanese cities. He became first chief of staff of the independent air force in 1947 and retired the following year.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meyerrose's presentation was assisted by last year's winner, General Lloyd "Fig" Newton, (left) and Carl Andrew Spaatz Thomas, grandson of Tooey Spaatz.
1929, Tooey Spaatz and others flew that airplane in the upper left corner.
I'm sitting in the seat once occupied by people like Curt LeMay, [Carl] Tooey Spaatz and Bill Tunner," he said.
That month Harmon briefed his Senior Advisory Board--retired generals and old friends Tooey Spaatz, Bill Streett, and Conger Pratt.
Like Hap Arnold, Ira Eaker and Tooey Spaatz, he knew this business.
The list included Benny Foulois, Tooey Spaatz, Ira Eaker, Pete Quesada and Arnold.
Behind Arnold's thinking on this reorganization lay his conviction that he needed a pre-eminent commander for USASTAF who would be "more nearly on parity" with MacArthur and Nimitz--namely Tooey Spaatz.
As President of the Foundation, General Poe persuaded the Air Force's leadership to support Air Power History, the journal General Tooey Spaatz had launched in 1953.