Toponymy


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Related to Toponymy: Toponymist, Toponyms

Toponymy

 

the branch of onomastics that studies toponyms (place names), their meaning, structure, origin, and area of distribution. The aggregate of toponyms for a given area constitutes its toponymy. Microtoponymy is the study of the names of such smaller geographical units as localities, springs, whirlpools, and farmlands. Toponymy is closely interrelated with geography, history, and ethnography.

Toponymy is an important research tool in historical lexicology, dialectology, and etymology. Some toponyms, particularly hydronyms, preserve archaisms and older dialectical features and often originate in the substrate languages of a given area. Toponymy aids in reconstructing the history of peoples and in defining the boundaries within which they lived. It also helps to determine the areas in which languages were once prevalent and to locate former cultural and economic centers and trade routes. The transcription of toponyms establishes their original spelling and the period of their introduction into other languages; this information is used in military cartography and in all types of communication.

REFERENCES

Nikonov, V. A. Vvedenie v toponimiku. Moscow, 1965.
Popov, A. I. Geograficheskie nazvaniia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Zhuchkevich, V. A. Obshchaia toponimika, 2nd ed. Minsk, 1968.
Pospelov, E. M. Toponimika i kartografiia. Moscow, 1971.
Murzaev, E. M. Ocherki toponimiki. Moscow, 1974.

V. P. NEROZNAK

References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to beginning my stint as a postdoctoral fellow focusing on the toponymy of Pitcairn Island--an island inherently connected to Norfolk Island through shared linguistic and cultural history--I reasoned that after producing my first individually published book (Nash 2013), my best work was now done.
They constitute a symbolic protest against the institutional system and the values of the dominant culture, also studied within the context of contested toponymy.
five has been propagated into current toponymy and should be corrected in the national records.
Contrary to the construction of memory of a nation-state, indigenous toponymy results primarily from mythology.
Groeneweg's novel is a close contemporary of the Mazeppa poems of Brecht, Campbell and Shipman, but the South African resonance of Mazeppa which moved Campbell finds an echo elsewhere, in toponymy and folklore.
The Memoricide of the Nakba: Zionist-Hebrew Toponymy and the De-Arabisation of Palestine
The changes in toponymy wrought by the poem's transmission resulted in fundamental reworkings of the narrative's representation of history, less from a tendency to update its significance than from a struggle to understand what meaning had been lost.
Jenkinson is conscious that the people's names and the toponymy would trigger in the young poet illusions of "anachronistic chivalry.
Immigrants' spatiotemporal orientation to the city and their embodiment within it remain individual and linked to the toponymy.
The topography and the toponymy in each example, in a different way in each case, hide an unplaceable place.
As those changes did not affect the local toponymy in any way, we will ignore the names of the previous owners.
It is also the history of the science of geology, including artifacts, built heritage and toponymy.