Torgau


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Torgau

(tôr`gou), city, Saxony, E central Germany, a port on the Elbe River. Manufactures include paper, iron products, glass, pottery, and agricultural machinery. Torgau is an important railway junction and harbor. Long a strategic crossing point on the Elbe, Torgau was chartered in the 13th cent. In 1526 the Protestant princes founded the Torgau League there. The articles of the league were written (1530) by Luther, Melanchthon, and others, and they served as a basis for part of the Augsburg Confession. In the Thirty Years War, Gustavus II of Sweden and his allies held (1631) an important council of war in Torgau. In the Seven Years War, Frederick II of Prussia defeated (1760) the Austrians under Daun near the city. Torgau passed in 1815 to Prussia. On Apr. 27, 1945, near the end of World War II, advance elements of the U.S. and Soviet armies made contact for the first time there. Noteworthy buildings of the city include the 16th-century city hall; a late Gothic church in which Luther's wife, Katharina von Bora, is buried; and the Renaissance-style Hartenfels castle (16th cent.), a residence of the electors of Saxony.

Torgau

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, in the district of Leipzig, on the Elbe River. Population, 21,600 (1973). A river port and transportation center, Torgau has several industries. Among the city’s products are glass, faience, agricultural machinery, furniture, and paper.

During the Seven Years’ War of 1756–63, an important battle took place near Torgau. On Nov. 3, 1760, the Prussian army of Frederick II, consisting of 48,500 men and 256 guns, engaged and defeated the Austrian army of Field Marshal L. von Daun, consisting of 52,000 men and 275 guns. The Austrians retreated to Dresden, leaving part of Saxony to be occupied by the Prussians. Casualties totaled 16,700 on the Prussian side and 15,200 on the Austrian side.

On Apr. 25, 1945, toward the end of World War II, the advance units of the 58th Guards Rifle Division of the Fifth Guards Army of the First Ukrainian Front met up with the 69th Infantry Division of the American First Army near Torgau.

References in periodicals archive ?
Torgau is a significant location in the history of the Reformation.
Also running eight stations is Saxony-based newspaper house Torgau Druck.
1945 Russian and American troops met at Torgau, cutting Nazi Germany in two.
After seeing his side lose 2-1 last night to Germany in Torgau, near Leipzig, he is keen to arrange some more friendlies.
Millar is almost certain to hand the 20-year-old his debut in Torgau, which means Torquay striker Jamie Ward will return to his old spot.
Paris was liberated in August, and on April 25, 1945, Allied troops, coming from the west, met up at the Elbe river near Torgau, Germany, with Soviet soldiers who had fought the Germans back from Stalingrad and Moscow on the eastern front.
The Protestant church in the village of Wessnig near Torgau in eastern Germany is open for cyclists seeking spiritual reflection and calm, and its churchyard has been turned into a recreation area complete with tables, benches and a barbecue area.
In Germany the company planned to relocate its current operations at a plant in Erkelenz to its larger plant in Wuppertal, and in Estonia to discontinue the contract production of consumer packed envelopes at its plant in Kohila in order to bring it in-house to the company's facility in Torgau, Germany, Bong Ljungdahl said.
GILES BRAVERY has booked leading French jockey Olivier Peslier for Torgau in the Sagitta 1000 Guineas at Newmarket on Sunday, for which 26 fillies have been confirmed.
Peslier will ride Torgau for Giles Bravery in the Sagitta 1000 Guineas on Sunday, for which 26 fillies were confirmed yesterday.
Seazun, wearing the green and white colours of the owner's beloved Celtic, battled on bravely in the hands of Richard Quinn to deny Torgau by a head.