Toropets


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Toropets

 

a city and center of Toropets Raion, Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR. Situated at the point where the Toropa River flows into Lake Solomeno. Station on the Bologoe-Velikie Luki railroad line. Population, 17,000 (1974).

Toropets became known in 1074 as a city in the Smolensk Principality. In 1167 it became the center of an independent principality, and in the mid-14th century it became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1503, Toropets became part of the Muscovite state. In the early 17th century it was destroyed by the Poles. It became part of Izhora Land in 1708 and a district center of Pskov Province in 1777. Soviet power was established in Toropets on Oct. 30 (Nov. 12), 1917. Since 1935 the city has been part of Kalinin Oblast. From Aug. 29, 1941, through Jan. 21, 1942, Toropets was occupied by fascist German troops.

Toropets has a meat-packing plant, a creamery, and a distillery. Other enterprises include a repair plant, a furniture factory, and a foundry, as well as garment and footwear factories. Among the city’s educational and cultural institutions are an agricultural technicum and a museum of local lore.

In the second half of the 18th century, a regular plan was adopted for Toropets. The city’s architectural monuments include the Nikol’skaia Church (1666–69), the Kazan Church (1698–1765), the Church of St. John the Baptist (1703), the Church of the Epiphany (1764), the Church of Pokrov (1777), and residential buildings from the mid-18th to the first half of the 19th century.

REFERENCES

Galashevich, A. Toropets i ego okreslnosti. Moscow, 1972.
Toropets. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
sand on the 10 km of the public highway of regional importance "moscow - riga" - toropets - ploskosh in the toropetsky district of the tver region
In March 1588, after returning with an embassy from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was transferred to service in the Chancellery of the Kazan Palace, as a consequence of which the Chancellery of the Great Revenue ceased to include a tax district and consequently, no longer received tax district incomes from territories subordinate to Druzhina Petelin (Sol' Vychegodskaia, Kostroma, Toropets, Kargopol', Turchasov, Murom, and Pereslavl'-Zalesskii).
The sources synchronous to the session of the Zemsky Sobor registered the presence of representatives from 25 provincial towns in the capital, Belgorod, Borovsk, Bryansk, Vladimir, Vologda, Kadom, Kalyazin, Kashira, Kolomna, Kursk, Mtsensk, Murom, Novosil, Odoev, Oskol, Pogoreloe Gorodische, Rostov, Ryazan, Suzdal, Torzhok, Toropets, Tula, Ustyuzhna Zhelezopolskaya, Chern, and Yaroslavl.
Today, in Putin's Russia, through private sponsorship of the restoration of Orthodox churches, religious treasures are returned to their original context or--as in the controversial case of the 14th-century miracle-working Virgin of Toropets icon removed from the Russian Museum, St Petersburg--and re-housed in a new church in an elite gated community.
Households Belev 1718 4110 841 Borovsk 1719 2399 335 Maloiaroslavets 1715 976 156 Riazan' 1718 1589 220 Toropets 1710 3674 839 Tula 1715 5309 916 Tula 1720 3022 502 Uglich 1717 5089 877 Ustiuzhna 1713 2277 417 Viatka 1710 4368 724 Viatka 1717 2387 394 Zaraisk 1715 2980 498 TOTALS 38180 6719 SOURCE: Population inventories (see fn.
In Toropets few of the disabled escaped liability for taxation, but the case of Ivan Danilov syn Poletov's household was more serious than most.
Of course, the ratios were not the same everywhere; in places like Toropets, a frontier town where soldiers were based, men and women accounted for almost identical shares of the total, but in Viatka, far from the center and without a garrison, there were only about four-fifths as many men as women.
Table 5 Occupants of Poor Households by Sex, Early Eighteenth-Century Russian Towns Town Male Female Belev 20 22 Borovsk 100 130 Maloiaroslavets 5 16 Riazan' 89 81 Toropets 217 230 Tula 1715 204 273 Tula 1720 72 87 Uglich 642 802 Ustiuzhna 171 196 Viatka 1710 187 298 Viatka 1717 87 92 Zaraisk 40 48 TOTALS 1834 2275 (55.
A lengthy <<stories>> presented by the noble representatives of central Russian towns and those of Novgorod, such as Suzdal, Juriev Polskoy, Pereslavl Zalessky, Belaya, Kostroma, Smolensk, Galich, Arzamas, Veliky Novgorod, Rzheva Volodimerova, Zubtsov, Toropets, Rostov, Poshekhonie, Torzhok, Gorokhovets.
5 (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel'stvo Narodnogo komissariata oborony Soiuza SSR, 1942), 61-62, 79-80, contains information on the murder of the Jews of Velizh and Toropets.
Electronic auction: rendering services for inspection of bridge structures on public roads of regional and intermunicipal significance in the andrepol, toropets, zharkovsky districts of the tver region