Younger AI enthusiasts may be surprised to learn that the principles of today's deep-learning algorithms stretch back more than 60 years to the neuroscientific researchers David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
, who discovered how the hierarchy of neurons in a cat's visual cortex responds to stimuli.
He received his bachelor, master and doctorate degrees within six years and then went on to study at Harvard Medical School under two Nobel Laureates: Professors Torsten Wiesel
and David Hubel.
Among the members who will aid begin functions are Nobel laureate Prof Torsten Wiesel
who will guide the centre.
The group includes such notables as Nobel laureates Richard Roberts and Torsten Wiesel
, former National Science Foundation director Rita Coldwell, Columbia University economist Jeffrey Sachs, and Rajendra K.
In 1965, Harvard neurophysiologists David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
took Fantz's research a step further.
In 1981, David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
shared the Nobel prize in physiology and medicine for work done in the 1960s based on this hypothesis.
His studies have considerably increased the understanding of metastasis and have great potential for clinical application, given that 90 percent of cancer-related deaths are due to this invasive process," commented the jury chaired by Torsten Wiesel
, Nobel laureate in Physiology and Medicine.