Torstensson, Lennart

Torstensson, Lennart

(lĕn`närt tōr`stənsōn), 1603–51, Swedish general in the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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. He was one of the generals trained by Gustavus IIGustavus II
(Gustavus Adolphus), 1594–1632, king of Sweden (1611–32), son and successor of Charles IX. Military Achievements

Gustavus's excellent education, personal endowments, and early experience in affairs of state prepared him for his crucial role
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 in the new techniques of war. As commander of the Swedish artillery at Breitenfeld (1631) and the Lech (1632), he was responsible for the success of the new mobile field artillery. Captured after an unsuccessful attack on Wallenstein, Torstensson was held (1632–33) prisoner. After the death of Baner, Torstensson succeeded to command of the Swedish troops in 1641. He infused new morale into the mutinous army and led the Swedes to numerous victories in Saxony, Moravia, Silesia, and Bohemia, including the second battle of Breitenfeld (1642). In 1643–44 he overran Denmark, which opposed Sweden, but after the indecisive battle of Kolberg Heath (1644) he left Karl Gustav Wrangel in charge of the Danish war and reentered Germany. His brilliant victory at Jankau (1645) cleared the way to Prague and Vienna. Sickness forced him to resign (1646) command to Wrangel. He was made count of Ortala in 1647 and held high civil posts in Sweden. He was the military teacher of Charles X. The name also appears as Torstenson.

Torstensson, Lennart

 

(also, Lennart Torstenson). Born Aug. 17, 1603, in Torstena Castle, Västergötland; died Apr. 7, 1651, in Stockholm. Swedish military leader during the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48). Field marshal from 1641; count.

Torstensson was the chief assistant to Gustavus II Adolphus in the reorganization of the Swedish artillery. He commanded the field artillery of the Swedish army in Germany beginning in 1630, and from 1641 to 1645 he commanded the Swedish army in Germany. He won the battle of Breitenfeld in 1642 and the battle of Jankov in 1645. Torstensson’s march on Jutland in 1643–44 helped lead to Sweden’s victory over Denmark.

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