Taungu(both: toung`go͞o`, toung`o͞o`), town, S Myanmar, on the Sittaung River. It is a railway junction. From the late 14th cent. it was the center of one of the three chief states of Myanmar; in the late 16th cent., under the Bagan kings, it preceded Bago as the capital of a unified Burmese kingdom.
a medieval state in southeastern Burma. The Toungoo state came into existence around the city of Toungoo, which was founded in 1280 as a fortification on the top of a hill (in Burmese, toun-goo), near the Sittang River. In 1347 the ruler of Toungoo assumed the title of king. After the fall of Ava in 1527, Toungoo was the only significant independent state in Burma. In the 16th century, its rulers Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung attempted to unite Burma’s separate feudal appanages into a single state centered on Toungoo. Bayinnaung was successful in his attempt. Under his rule, from 1551 to 1581, medieval Burma became a powerful state.
a city in Burma, in Pegu District; situated on the Sittang River. Population, 31,600 (1953). Toungoo is a transportation point on the Rangoon-Mandalay railroad. Industry includes sawmilling and rice polishing.