Trabzon


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Trabzon

(träb'zōn`) or

Trebizond

(trĕb`ĭzŏnd'), city (1990 pop. 144,805), capital of Trabzon prov., NE Turkey, a port on the Black Sea. A commercial and transportation center with renovated port facilities, it exports food products and tobacco. Iron, lead, and copper are found nearby. Known in ancient times as Trapezus, the city was founded in the 8th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Sinop. It grew in importance after its conquest (1st cent. B.C.) by Mithradates VI and after its incorporation (1st cent. A.D.) into the Roman Empire. Although it suffered from invasions by barbarians after the 3d cent., it again became a prosperous port under the Byzantine Empire. It reached its greatest splendor after the establishment (1204) by the Comnenus dynasty of the empire of TrebizondTrebizond, empire of,
1204–1461. When the army of the Fourth Crusade overthrew (1204) the Byzantine Empire and established the Latin Empire of Constantinople, several Greek successor states sprang up.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which endured until 1461, when it was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. Under the rule of Alexius III (1349–90) the city was one of the world's leading trade centers and was renowned for its great wealth and artistic accomplishment. Under the Ottomans it became the starting point of caravans to Persia. Trabzon was included (1920) in the short-lived independent state of Armenia. The city's large Greek population was deported in 1922–23. Trabzon has many historic monuments. The best preserved is the 13th-century Church of Aya Sophia (now a museum), an excellent example of Byzantine architecture. The city is the site of Black Sea Technical Univ.

Trabzon

 

(or Trebizond), a city in northeastern Turkey. Capital of Trabzon Vilayet. Population, 97,200 (1975).

Trabzon is a port on the Black Sea, through which hazelnuts, tobacco, wool, and construction lumber are exported. It is the point of origin of a highway to Iran that passes through Erzurum. The city has an airport. Industry includes food processing, the production of cement, shipbuilding, and fishing. There is also a university.

Trabzon was founded by Greeks from Sinope in about the mid-seventh century B.C. (or c. mid-eighth century B.C.). It was an important port and trade center in the ancient world. In the second century B.C., it became part of Pontus, and in 63 B.C., part of the Roman province of Bithynia and Pontus. From the fifth to early 13th centuries A.D., it was part of the Byzantine Empire, and from 1204 to 1461 it was the capital of the Empire of Trebizond. In 1461 it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became part of the Ottoman Empire.

Trabzon is divided into the Upper City, which is surrounded by bastions, and the Lower City, which extends from the bastions to the harbor. The Upper City contains a walled citadel dating from the Empire of Trebizond, with ruins of the imperial palace (13th-14th centuries), the Panagia Chrysocephalus (tenth century, rebuilt in the 13th century; since 1461, the Orta Hisar Mosque), and Hagia Sophia (built after 1204; rebuilt from 1248 to 1263), which contains remnants of sculpture and frescoes. The Lower City contains the Church of St. Anne (early eighth century; rebuilt in 884–885; since the 15th century, the Kücük Aivazil Mosque) and the Church of St. Eugenius (13th century; since the 15th century, the Yeni Cuma Mosque).

Trabzon

, Trebizond
a port in NE Turkey, on the Black Sea: founded as a Greek colony in the 8th century bc at the terminus of an important trade route from central Europe to Asia. Pop.: 246 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Trabzon Governor's Office said an investigation was launched into the incident.
Trabzon Governor Yucel Yavuz said on Sunday that investigators were trying to determine why the plane had left the runway.
On Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays the flight departs Sharjah International Airport at 08:45pm, and arrives at Trabzon International Airport at 12:20am local time the next day.
Direct flights to Trabzon will operate five times a week, the airline said in a statement on Wednesday.
On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays the flight departs Sharjah International Airport at 21:45, and arrives at Trabzon International Airport at 00:20 local time the next day.
It is home to a number of key attractions, which include the Trabzon Muzesi, artefacts of artistic and historic value and the Soumela Monastery, which is built into a cliff face and decorated with frescoes, among others.
com/tag/Trabzon) Trabzon Center Mosque in 2014 when it was converted from a museum.
In respect of the media reports published on 15 August 2016 regarding the building of a $1bn project in Trabzon by Emaar, we would like to clarify that Emaar Properties is currently not building any project in Trabzon city," the statement read.
com and through its sales agents to Trabzon, Ankara, Hatay, Adana and Antalya via Pegasus hub at Istanbuls Sabiha Gokcen Airport.
Galatasaray and Trabzon were each awarded a penalty, both of them highly controversial, which left one legitimate goal, the equalizer by Germany striker Lukas Podolski, when the Storm was one man down.
Around 250 passengers, including Mr Malhotra, are currently stranded at Trabzon Airport and Emirates has said that the flight will now not be due into the North East until 8.
Around 250 passengers, including Mr Malhotra, were stranded at Trabzon Airport before the flight resumed.