Booth

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Booth,

family prominent in the Salvation ArmySalvation Army,
Protestant denomination and international nonsectarian Christian organization for evangelical and philanthropic work. Organization and Beliefs

The Salvation Army has established branches in more than 110 countries throughout the world.
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, founded by William BoothBooth, William,
1829–1912, English religious leader, founder and first general of the Salvation Army, b. Nottingham. Originally a local preacher for the Wesleyan Methodists, he went (1849) to London and entered (1852) the ministry of the Methodist New Connexion Church, but
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. His wife, Catherine Mumford Booth, 1829–90, whom he married in 1855, played a leading part in the foundation and development of the Salvation Army, devoting herself particularly to its work among women and children. Their eldest son, Bramwell Booth, 1856–1929, succeeded his father in 1912 as general of the Salvation Army. Another son, Ballington Booth, 1859–1940, was commander (1885–87) of the Army in Australia and then commander (1887–96) in the United States, where his wife, Maud Charlesworth Ballington Booth, 1865–1948, shared his labors; in 1896 they withdrew from the Salvation Army and founded the Volunteers of AmericaVolunteers of America,
national nondenominational organization providing a wide variety of human services as part of a Christian ministry of service. Founded (1896) by Ballington and Maud Booth (see Booth, family) after their withdrawal from the Salvation Army, the Volunteers
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. A daughter of William Booth, Emma Moss Booth-Tucker, 1860–1903, was in charge (1880–88) of the international training homes of the Salvation Army. She and her husband, Frederick St. George de Latour Booth-Tucker, 1853–1929, who had resigned from the India civil service to join the Salvation Army, jointly commanded the Army in the United States from 1896 until her death in 1903. See also Booth, Evangeline CoryBooth, Evangeline Cory,
1865–1950, general of the Salvation Army, b. England; daughter of William Booth. At the age of 17, she began evangelistic preaching. She was field commissioner of the Salvation Army in London for five years, commander of the Army in Canada from 1895
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.

Booth

 

a family of American actors.

Junius Brutus Booth. Born May 1, 1796, in London; died Nov. 30, 1852, on the Ohio River. His creative work began in England in 1813. He performed at the London theaters Covent Garden and Drury Lane. In 1821 he went to the USA, where he enjoyed great success; he was one of the first and greatest romantic actors in the USA. His best roles were in Shakespeare’s plays (Richard III, Othello, Iago, and Shylock).

Edwin Thomas Booth. Born Nov. 13, 1833, in Bel Air, Maryland; died June 7, 1893, in New York. Son of Junius Brutus Booth. He made his debut in 1849. His roles included Richard III, Shylock, Macbeth, Othello, and King Lear. He was outstanding in the role of Hamlet. He also successfully performed in melodramatic roles, such as Richelieu in the play of the same name by Bulwer-Lytton. He was the greatest actor in the USA during the second half of the 19th century. Booth toured in Australia, England, and Germany. From 1863 to 1869 he managed the Winter Garden Theater, and from 1869 to 1874 he managed the Booth Theater.

John Wilkes Booth. Born 1838, in Bel Air, Maryland; died Apr. 26, 1865, near Port Royal, Virginia. Son of Junius Brutus Booth. In 1865, because he was a supporter of slaveholders in the USA, he assassinated President A. Lincoln, who was a leader of the struggle to abolish slavery.

REFERENCES

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 4. Moscow, 1964.
Ruggles, E. Prince of Players: Edwin Booth. New York, 1953.

booth

1. A fixed seating unit in a restaurant or bar; usually consists of a table between (or partially surrounded by) seats which have high backs.

Booth

1. Edwin Thomas, son of Junius Brutus Booth. 1833--93, US actor
2. John Wilkes, son of Junius Brutus Booth. 1838--65, US actor; assassin of Abraham Lincoln
3. Junius Brutus . 1796--1852, US actor, born in England
4. William. 1829--1912, British religious leader; founder and first general of the Salvation Army (1878)