transgenic organism


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Related to transgenic organism: Transgenic animals

transgenic organism

[tranz′jen·ik ′ȯr·gə‚niz·əm]
(genetics)
An organism into whose genome a gene or genes from another organism has been experimentally transferred and can be expressed.
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It contains 51 articles through which the government aims to "increase food production" and free itself "of the need for imports," but it also would have ended the long-standing environmental discourse of Morales--undisputed indigenous and campesino leader since long before becoming president--by opening the country's doors to universally controversial transgenic organisms.
5] However, the notion of intentionally creating a transgenic organism in a laboratory has its origin in the controversial recombinant DNA work of the 1960s.
An entirely new dimension of pathways has opened up with the development of transgenic organisms - creatures whose genetic complement contains DNA from other species with which they could not possibly have interbred.
This relatively new science allows DNA (genetic material) from one species to be transferred into another species, creating transgenic organisms with combinations of genes from plants, animals, bacteria, and even viral gene pools.
Today's fights over embryonic stem cell research and transgenic organisms reveal that every era must grapple with moral taboo and, ultimately, what it means to be human.
A, Associate Professor Haydar Bagis from TUBITAK Marmara Research Center (MAM) Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology said, "development genetic engineering techniques known as recombinant DNA technology allowed scientists to produce genetically modified organisms or transgenic organisms by collecting DNA molecules from different sources and combining them into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
The first transgenic organisms were bacteria, and transgenic bacteria are widely used today by pharmaceutical companies.
Meanwhile, a slew of "GM-free zones," where all transgenic organisms are banned (including fish, other animals, and plants used to make drugs), are cropping up around the world.
14) Another more practical justification is that transgenic organisms can be used to better understand and eventually to intervene in human development, both normal and, more often, disordered.
This (discovery) is really serious, Mexico is the first center of origin and genetic diversity for a crop that has been contaminated by transgenic organisms," said Greenpeace Mexico's Liza Covantes.
This system would establish a limit to the extent to which researchers could harness the power of biotechnology, while still allowing for the development of transgenic organisms that contained human DNA.
Dr Mae-Wan Ho, a geneticist with the Open University, told a news conference: "The large-scale release of transgenic organisms could be worse than nuclear weapons as a means of mass destruction.