Transitivity


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

Transitivity

 

a lexical-syntactic category of verbs denoting action upon an object.

In a sentence with a transitive verb, the subject is the subject of the action and a noun in the accusative or genitive case is the object of that same action, such as in stroit’ dom,”to build a house,” and zhdat’ poezda,”to wait for a train.” Transitivity plays an important role in the formation of the nominative construction. The same verb, depending on its lexical meaning, may be transitive or intransitive (that is, not governing the accusative case in an object without a preposition and acting on an indirect object), as in Russian pet’,”to sing,” and pisat’, “to write,” or English “to fly,” and “to run.”

The category of transitivity-intransitivity in Russian and other European languages has no morphological expression but may be associated with the word-formative structure of a verb. A distinction is made between direct transitivity, expressed by actual transitive verbs, and indirect transitivity, expressed by intransitive verbs (zabotit’sia o rebenke, “to look after a child,” or zavidovat’ soperniku,”to be envious of a rival”). There is no universally accepted opinion as to the nature of transitivity-intransitivity.

T. V. VENTSEL

References in periodicals archive ?
Transitivity analysis brings forth the ideational function that language is playing in these crime reports.
The problem was to apply the formal operational stage (12-16 years) of Piaget's cognitive development theory on students of age twelve to sixteen years in learning mathematics concepts (viz; classification, intersection, factorization, ratio and proportion, transitivity, geometry) in rural and urban context at district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan).
Transitivity is a distinct textual feature indicating the relation between participants and action.
Before considering the data, it is worth reviewing and clarifying precisely what we mean when we talk about transitivity and objects in the nominal domain (and more widely).
He goes on to elaborate: The transitivity system construes the world of experience into a manageable set of process types" (p.
If a first-order potential transitivity chain generates a single prediction, we look no further.
In Bentein 2013b, I argue that the history of verbal periphrasis with [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in Archaic and Classical Greek can be captured in terms of transitivisation (with transitivity in the scalar sense of Hopper & Thompson 1980), whereby not only the different periphrastic constructions but also periphrasis in general become increasingly more transitive, i.
Transitivity (far from being an "equation" as Block and Barnett (2012, p.
To this end, we will examine how participants are presented both as a centre of structure and action through Martin's (1992) identification systems and Halliday's (2004 [1985]) transitivity structures.
Framed in the approach to TRANSITIVITY developed within the output of Systemic Functional Linguistics known as the Cardiff Grammar (CG), this work provides an alternative analysis to Levin's (1993) lexicon-based approach to alternations, in which the study of paradigmatic relations between verb senses as alternations is abandoned in favour of one that considers them, instead, as cases of "near equivalences".
of New York-Graduate Center) addresses the linked issues of history and memory, authority and society, and genre and transitivity as well as more traditional matters such as the representation of gender, sexuality, and transnationalism.
Lastly, following common Algonquianist practice, transitivity is mostly utilized here as a term referring to the indexing capacity of verb morphology, viz.