Transkei


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Related to Transkei: Bophuthatswana, Ciskei

Transkei

(trănskī`), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest. Two exclaves were separated from the main territory, in the northwest by Cape Province and in the northeast by Natal. The capital and main city was Umtata (now Mthatha).

Part of the Drakensberg Range was in W Transkei. Much of the former territory of the homeland is hilly or mountainous, and there is little good farmland. Most of the area's inhabitants speak a Xhosa language. Roughly two thirds of the Transkei's income was provided by the South African government, and all trade was conducted through South Africa.

History

In the 1830s and 40s the Transkei was the scene of fighting between European settlers and Africans over the possession of cattle and grazing land. The territory was gradually annexed by Britain in the late 19th cent. and incorporated into Cape Colony (later Cape Province). Transkei was separated from Cape Province in 1963 to become the first of ten black areas within South Africa that were ostensibly internally self-governing. In 1976 Transkei became the first of the homelands to be granted "independence." The South African government then revoked the citizenship of its residents. Transkei's assembly controlled many internal matters, but its decisions were subject to the control of the South African government. From 1978 to 1980 territorial disputes prompted Transkei to sever diplomatic relations with South Africa. Like the other homelands, it was not recognized internationally as an independent state. In 1994, after a multiracial election, the establishment of a new South African government, and the end of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, Transkei and the other nine homelands were reabsorbed into South Africa.

Transkei

 

a territory in Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Area, about 42,000 sq km. Population, 1.75 million (1970), mostly Bantu. The capital is the city of Umtata. Since 1963 the Transkei has enjoyed self-government as a tribal homeland; actual control is in the hands of the South African government.

Cereals, cotton, and fruit are cultivated in the Transkei, and cattle and sheep are raised. The territory is a region of semicompulsory recruitment of workers for South African mines.

Transkei

the largest of South Africa's former Bantu homelands and the first Bantu self-governing territory (1963); declared an independent state in 1976 but this status was not recognized outside South Africa; abolished in 1993 when South African citizenship was restored to its inhabitants. Capital: Umtata
References in periodicals archive ?
The first part is set in the days of his youth when he lived in the Transkei.
13] This was particularly true for the Bantustan of the Transkei, which depended on mission hospitals to provide services.
The coup d'etat in the Transkei came about because of widespread corruption by the puppet regime, and this was also a major factor in Bophuthatswana, highlighted by the dealings between president Lucas Mangope and the shadowy Russian-born Israeli businessman Shabtai Kalmanovitch.
Since 1999, the former Bantustan Transkei military leader, General Bantu Holomisa, has been preaching the formation of an opposition alliance to challenge the ruling ANC.
Mandela: Long Walk To Freedom, adapted from the late statesman's autobiography of the same name, spans Mandela's journey from his early years as a herd boy in rural Transkei to a lawyer in post-war Johannesburg, through to his 27-year imprisonment and inauguration as South Africa's first democratically elected and black president.
AND AS THEY LOWERED HIM INTO THE GROUND, THE 21-GUN SALUTE SOUNDED, THE LAST POST WAS PLAYED AND A FLY-PAST CUT THROUGH THE SKY ABOVE THE BEAUTIFUL ROLLING HILLS OF MANDELA'S TRANSKEI HOME.
And as they lowered him into the ground, the 21-gun salute sounded, the Last Post was played and a fly-past cut through the sky above the rolling hills of Mandela's Transkei home, Madiba's ex-wife and widow, Winnie and Graca, hugged each other and let their tears form a river of love.
I was given my circumcision name, Dalibunga, meaning 'Founder of the Bunga,' the traditional ruling body of the Transkei.
The boy from the Transkei has finished his long walk.
Born in July 1918 in the southeastern Transkei region, Mandela started a career as a lawyer in Johannesburg in parallel with his political activism.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born July 18, 1918, the son of a tribal chief in Transkei, one of the future "Bantustans," independent republics set up by the apartheid regime to cement the separation of whites and blacks.