Transkei


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Related to Transkei: Bophuthatswana, Ciskei

Transkei

(trănskī`), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest. Two exclaves were separated from the main territory, in the northwest by Cape Province and in the northeast by Natal. The capital and main city was Umtata (now Mthatha).

Part of the Drakensberg Range was in W Transkei. Much of the former territory of the homeland is hilly or mountainous, and there is little good farmland. Most of the area's inhabitants speak a Xhosa language. Roughly two thirds of the Transkei's income was provided by the South African government, and all trade was conducted through South Africa.

History

In the 1830s and 40s the Transkei was the scene of fighting between European settlers and Africans over the possession of cattle and grazing land. The territory was gradually annexed by Britain in the late 19th cent. and incorporated into Cape Colony (later Cape Province). Transkei was separated from Cape Province in 1963 to become the first of ten black areas within South Africa that were ostensibly internally self-governing. In 1976 Transkei became the first of the homelands to be granted "independence." The South African government then revoked the citizenship of its residents. Transkei's assembly controlled many internal matters, but its decisions were subject to the control of the South African government. From 1978 to 1980 territorial disputes prompted Transkei to sever diplomatic relations with South Africa. Like the other homelands, it was not recognized internationally as an independent state. In 1994, after a multiracial election, the establishment of a new South African government, and the end of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, Transkei and the other nine homelands were reabsorbed into South Africa.

Transkei

 

a territory in Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Area, about 42,000 sq km. Population, 1.75 million (1970), mostly Bantu. The capital is the city of Umtata. Since 1963 the Transkei has enjoyed self-government as a tribal homeland; actual control is in the hands of the South African government.

Cereals, cotton, and fruit are cultivated in the Transkei, and cattle and sheep are raised. The territory is a region of semicompulsory recruitment of workers for South African mines.

Transkei

the largest of South Africa's former Bantu homelands and the first Bantu self-governing territory (1963); declared an independent state in 1976 but this status was not recognized outside South Africa; abolished in 1993 when South African citizenship was restored to its inhabitants. Capital: Umtata
References in periodicals archive ?
26, 1976 (entitled "Policies of Apartheid of the Government of South Africa--The So-Called `Independent' Transkei and Other Bantustans") called upon all states to deny the Transkei "any form of recognition" and endorsed the non-recognition rule set forth in G.
The young Transkei army officer led an anti-corruption faction that transferred power over the burgeoning Transkei government to Stella Sigcau, then a cabinet minister with close connections to the homeland's Xhosa tribal leaders.
Since 1999, the former Bantustan Transkei military leader, General Bantu Holomisa, has been preaching the formation of an opposition alliance to challenge the ruling ANC.
Mteto Nyati was born and completed his early education in the Transkei.
July 18, 1918 -- Born to Hendry Mphakanyiswa, a Thembu chief, and Nosekeni Qunu in the Umtata district of the Transkei, at a time when virtually all of Africa was under European colonial rule.
To further address the first shortcoming, Dick commenced an active programme of field research including shore collecting and dredging, focussing on neglected areas, notably the Transkei region of what is now E.
The confirmatory diagnosis alone was insufficient for Philip, who went to Transkei and through some outstanding fieldwork demonstrated what is now known as 'hut lung'.
When he was born, the First World War was still raging across the fields of Flanders, the Bolsheviks still months from their workers' revolution in Russia, his native Transkei a sleepy province of South Africa, still trying to come to terms with British rulers who had inflicted the horrors of the first concentration camps on the Boers.
We visited the Bantustans, the puppet black 'states' within South Africa, set up by apartheid to pretend the country's blacks were not South African, but citizens of Ciskei, Transkei and other Orwellian deceptions.