Treblinka


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Treblinka:

see concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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Treblinka

 

two fascist death camps in Poland, which was occupied by Hitlerite Germany from 1939 to 1944. The camps were located near Treblinka Station in Warszawa Województwo. Treblinka I, a so-called labor camp, was set up in the summer of 1941; Treblinka II, an extermination camp, was established in the spring of 1942. More than 800,000 prisoners were exterminated in the camps, including citizens of Poland, the USSR, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, and Yugoslavia.

In August 1943 an uprising prepared by an organization of the resistance broke out in Treblinka II; the camp was dismantled after the uprising had been suppressed. Treblinka I was dismantled in July 1944 as Soviet troops were approaching. On the site of Treblinka now stand a symbolic cemetery and a mausoleum to commemorate the dead; these monuments were built between 1959 and 1964 by the sculptors F. Duszenko, A. Haupt, and F. Strynkiewicz.

Treblinka

Nazi extermination camp. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 970]
References in periodicals archive ?
The conversation about Treblinka takes place between von Ebrennac and an SS officer (Denis Sadier).
Shown in the middle of the Nazi party meeting complex, (1) Das Gleis ('The Track') is a temporary exhibition produced by the Documentation Centre of the Nazi Party Rally Grounds and the memorials of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibor and Chelmno with the financial and scientific support of the German Railways (DB).
A long note from the Polish government gave a detailed account of the massacre of Jews and stated: 'as far as is known, the trains were dispatched to three localities, Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor', into what the report describes as 'extermination camps'.
They sent 300,000 to Auschwitz and 800,000 to Treblinka,' he added.
Three years later Dobra went into hiding while 40,000 men, women and children from the city, including her father and grandparents, were rounded up and shot or sent to the gas chambers of Auschwitz and Treblinka.
In 1972, a war crimes trial in Germany ended in acquittal for the ex-police chief accused of liquidating the Wierzbnik ghetto, sending its residents off to Treblinka and to the Nazi slave labor camp at Starachowice.
Attorney's Office asked Elijahu Rosenberg, a warehouse manager who had escaped from the Treblinka extermination facility in 1943, to look at some old photos.
He was stripped of his US citizenship after he was accused in the 1970s of being "Ivan the Terrible," a notoriously sadistic guard at the Treblinka death camp.
How much freedom of speech was there in Auschwitz, Belsen, Dachau, Treblinka and Ravensbruck.
The German death camps at Auschwitz and Treblinka were both located in occupied Poland, but were operated by the German Nazi regime.
By 1942, thousands of people were being deported to the Treblinka death camp.