Treblinka

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Treblinka:

see concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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Treblinka

 

two fascist death camps in Poland, which was occupied by Hitlerite Germany from 1939 to 1944. The camps were located near Treblinka Station in Warszawa Województwo. Treblinka I, a so-called labor camp, was set up in the summer of 1941; Treblinka II, an extermination camp, was established in the spring of 1942. More than 800,000 prisoners were exterminated in the camps, including citizens of Poland, the USSR, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, and Yugoslavia.

In August 1943 an uprising prepared by an organization of the resistance broke out in Treblinka II; the camp was dismantled after the uprising had been suppressed. Treblinka I was dismantled in July 1944 as Soviet troops were approaching. On the site of Treblinka now stand a symbolic cemetery and a mausoleum to commemorate the dead; these monuments were built between 1959 and 1964 by the sculptors F. Duszenko, A. Haupt, and F. Strynkiewicz.

Treblinka

Nazi extermination camp. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 970]
References in periodicals archive ?
Demjanjuk was acquitted on appeal of being a death camp guard at the Treblinka extermination camp at an earlier trial in Israel in the 80s.
Thousands of Warsaw ghetto residents died in the fighting in April and May 1943, about 7,000 were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp to be gassed, and the rest of the 40,000 inhabitants were sent to Nazi concentration and forced labor camps.
The government dropped its previous claim that Demjanjuk was a guard known as "Ivan the Terrible," who operated a gas chamber at the Treblinka extermination camp.
In late 1942, nearly 300,000 Jews were sent from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp and murdered there.
Last night Labour MP Ian Austin - whose Jewish father lost his family in the Treblinka extermination camp - blasted the "tawdry" stunt.
He was accused by survivors of being the nS otorious guard at the Treblinka extermination camp known as 'Ivan the Terrible'.
In the 1980s, Demjanjuk stood trial in Israel accused of being prison guard "Ivan the Terrible" at Poland's Treblinka extermination camp.