Trent Affair

Also found in: Legal, Wikipedia.

Trent Affair,

incident in the diplomatic relations between the United States and Great Britain, which occurred during the American Civil War. On Nov. 8, 1861, the British mail packet Trent, carrying James M. MasonMason, James Murray,
1798–1871, U.S. Senator and Confederate diplomat, b. Georgetown, D.C.; grandson of George Mason. He began to practice law in Winchester, Va., in 1820.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and John SlidellSlidell, John
, 1793–1871, American political leader and diplomat, b. New York City. He became a prominent lawyer and political figure in New Orleans and served as a Democrat in Congress (1843–45). In 1845, Slidell was appointed special U.S.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Confederate commissioners to London and Paris respectively, was halted in the Bahama Channel by the U.S. warship San Jacinto, commanded by Capt. Charles WilkesWilkes, Charles,
1798–1877, American naval officer and explorer, b. New York City, educated by his father. In 1815 he entered the merchant service and received (1818) an appointment as a midshipman.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The commissioners and their secretaries were forcibly removed from the Trent and taken to Boston, where they were interned in Fort Warren. This act was strictly opposed to the laws of the sea as they had been previously upheld by the United States, since Wilkes did not seize the vessel and bring it in for admiralty adjudication but merely exercised search and seizure of the men. Nevertheless, Wilkes's action was greeted with wild acclaim and he was thanked by the U.S. House of Representatives. In Great Britain the act aroused popular indignation. The British drafted a sharp note to the U.S. government, the terms of which were softened by Prince Albert; they demanded the release of the commissioners and an explanation. A seven-day limit was set for reply. It seemed for a time that Great Britain would not only recognize the Confederacy but declare war against the Union. However, Lord Lyons, the British minister to the United States, delayed presentation of the note for several days, meanwhile notifying Secretary of State William H. Seward of its contents. The note was presented Dec. 23, 1861. By that time popular feeling in the United States had died down, and the prospect of war with Britain was anything but welcome. A cabinet meeting on Dec. 26 led to a decision to send to Britain a note by Seward disavowing Wilkes's act and promising to release the prisoners. They were released in Jan., 1862, and probable war with Great Britain was averted.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Trent affair also poisoned public attitudes in the two countries.
In Britain, the Trent affair accelerated the process of alienation towards the Union which began with the battle of Bull Run.
Hubbard agreed, adding that not only had the Trent affair "deflected the recognition momentum" of the summer of 1861, but it also excluded the Confederates from what became a London-Washington dialogue.
Having come to the brink of war over the Trent affair, and having stepped back from provoking an intervention crisis in the autumn of 1862 with war as its logical final phase, the opportunity for the British government to intervene in the great American Civil War, with all the potential to overwhelm the Union, had passed.
Warren, Fountain of Discontent: The Trent Affair and Freedom of the Seas (Boston, 1981).
421-26; and Wheeler-Bennett, "The Trent Affair," p.
Although the Trent affair is not discussed, "deterrence" is the central thesis of nineteenth-century British naval policy according to Rebecca Betas Matzke, Deterrence through Strength: British Naval Power and Foreign Policy under Pax Britannica (Lincoln, 2011).
Here's the fifth, last and most fascinating "what if" of the Trent Affair.
Here comes the first "what if' of the Trent Affair.