the name of a family of merchants in Russia. The Tret’iakov family was first mentioned in the 18th century. In 1774, Elisei Martynovich Tret’iakov, a merchant of the Third Guild, moved from Malyi Iaroslavets to Moscow. His descendants were merchants and manufacturers. Mikhail Zakharovich Tret’iakov (1801–50) and his sons Pavel and Sergei owned a linen-weaving and flax-spinning factory in Kostroma.

Pavel Mikhailovich Tretiakov. Born Dec. 15 (27), 1832, in Moscow; died there Dec. 4 (16), 1898. Russian art figure; founder of the Tret’iakov Gallery. Honorary free member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Art (1868); academy member (1893).

Tret’iakov shared the views of Russian enlighteners of his time. In 1856 he began collecting works of Russian art, mainly of democratic artists. He rendered considerable help to the pered-vizhniki (“the wanderers, ” a progressive art movement). Tret’iakov considered his work to be of national significance. In 1892 he presented his collection to the city of Moscow.

Sergei Mikhailovich Tret’iakov. Born Feb. 19 (Mar. 3), 1834, in Moscow; died July 25 (Aug. 6), 1892, in Petergof (present-day Petrodvorets). Collector of paintings. Figure in city administration; mayor of Moscow from 1877 to 1881.

Tret’iakov was active in the Moscow Art Society, the Moscow School of Painting, and the Russian Society of Music. In 1892 he bequeathed his collection of Western European paintings through his brother to Moscow. His collection, housed at first in the Tret’iakov Gallery, was transferred to the former Museum of Modern Western Art in 1925. It has since been divided between the Hermitage in Leningrad and the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow.


Kramskoi, I. N., and P. M. Tret’iakov. Perepiska, 1869–1887. Moscow, 1953.
Botkina, A. P. P. M. Tret’iakov v zhizni i iskusstve, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Mudrogel’, N. A. Piat’desiat vosem’ let v Tret’iakovskoi galeree:Vospominaniia, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also out are cross-country skiing gold medalist Alexander Legkov and skeleton gold medalist Alexander Tretiakov, as well as potential medal contenders in biathlon, luge and bobsled.
The CAS decision was announced via a press release and among those successful at appeal are men's Olympic skeleton champion Aleksander Tretiakov, current women's European and World Cup skeleton champion Elena Nikitina and Olympic crosscountry champion Alexander Legkov.
Twenty-two Russian athletes previously announced the intention to appeal their sanctions including double Olympic bobsleigh champion Alexander Zubkov, skeleton gold medallist Alexander Tretiakov and cross-country ski gold medallist Alexander Legkov.
Among those appealing are gold medalist bobsledders Aleksandr Zubkov and Dmitry Trunenkov, cross-country gold medalist Alexander Legkov and champion skeleton racer Aleksander Tretiakov.
Pavel Mijailovich Tretiakov (1832-1898), heredero de una vasta fortuna, se intereso en las pinturas europea y rusa; desde los 24 anos se aficiono a la compra de arte ruso, especialmente de piezas creadas por Los Peresuizhmfei (Los Ambulantes), una sociedad que albergo a los artistas que rompieron con el academicismo y cultivaron el realismo.
Tretiakov was removed from his position and purged in 1937, as was Dinamov in 1938.
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Y Sergei Tretiakov, sobre todo pensando en Heartfield, escribe en 1936: "Cabe senalar que el fotomontaje no debe ser necesariamente un montaje de fotos.
The Irish Mirror has learned the dispute centred on the results of the men's skeleton competition in Sochi, Russia - where Russia's Alexander Tretiakov took gold and Latvia's Martins Dukurs silver.