Tribal Areas


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Tribal Areas,

officially the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), administrative region (1998 pop. 3,176,331), 10,510 sq mi (27,220 sq km), NW Pakistan, comprising seven agencies (or tribal areas) and six generally smaller frontier regions located mainly between Afghanistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prov. but also bordered by Punjab and Baluchistan prov. in the south. The FATA's forested mountainous terrain broken by small valleys and dotted with towns and agricultural areas. The economy is mainly based on agriculture, and there is much poverty. The people are overwhelmingly Pashtuns, who belong to more than 10 major tribes. The seven agencies are Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North Waziristan, and South Waziristan, the largest of the regions.

Under British rule, the area served as a buffer zone between the British and Russsian spheres of influence. The colonial government never completely controlled the region; the tribes governed their own internal affairs, while the British were responsible for British India's security. The arrangement was far from successful, and in the last half of the 19th cent. British troops repeatedly battled tribal groups. The British retained a tenuous hold on the region until they left the subcontinent in 1947.

A 1948 agreement granted the Tribal Areas a special administrative status in Pakistan, which allowed them to remain semiautonomous and base their administration on traditional tribal rules, but the inhabitants did not have full Pakistani citizenship rights. The system was codified in the 1973 constitution. Reforms that would give the inhabitants full citizenship and merge the FATA into Khyber PakhtunkhwaKhyber Pakhtunkhwa,
formerly North-West Frontier Province,
province and historic region (1998 pop. 17,554,674), c.41,000 sq mi (106,200 sq km), NW Pakistan, bounded on the N and W by Afghanistan. Peshawar is the capital.
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 have been proposed (2017) but not enacted. Since the early 21st. cent. the Pakistani TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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 have been a major force in the region, and the Pakistani army has conducted a number of offensives against Islamic militants in parts of the FATA. The FATA, particularly the Waziristans, are also alleged to be a stronghold for Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
PESHAWAR -- Even though an organisation providing emergency medical and relief services has been working in the tribal areas for over a decade, it has yet to get its own headquarters in the region to coordinate efforts.
Speaking at a press conference here, the alliance leaders, including its president Abdul Manan, Gul Afzal, Maulana Waheed Gul, Attaullah Khan, Khalilur Rahman, Anwarul Haq, Khan Bahadar, Aurangzeb and Sarfraz Khan, termed the unnecessary delay in implementation of reforms a failure of the federal government to fulfil its commitment about changes in the colonial governance system in the tribal areas.
ISLAMABAD -- Chairman PPP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has said that delay in extending the jurisdiction of superior judiciary to the tribal areas amounted to denying its people their fundamental rights saying also 'any further delay is criminal and not acceptable'.
ISLAMABAD: Pakistan People's Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has said that delay in extending the jurisdiction of the superior judiciary to the tribal areas amounted to denying its people their fundamental rights, adding that any further delay is criminal and not acceptable.
5 billion on promotion of quality education in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
PESHAWAR -- Federal government is spending three point five billion rupees on promotion of quality education in Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
Speaking at a seminar on the proposed legislation to extend the jurisdiction of superior courts to Fata organized by Bhutto Foundation here, he said just like Fata, the superior courts initially also did not have jurisdiction over the Provincially Administered Tribal Areas including Chitral, Dir, Swat, Malakand.
It is quite commendable and appreciable that the National Assembly has made history by passing the legislation which abolishes the oppressive colonial-era law imposed in the tribal areas Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR) and extended jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the Peshawar High Court to the Federally-Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) thus meeting the long standing demand of the people.
After the establishment of Pakistan, the Frontier States and Tribal Areas acceded to Pakistan by negotiation with Quaid-e-Azam and became part of the Federation of Pakistan and a Ministry of States and Frontier Region (SAFRON) was established to look after its affairs (Khan, 66).
MARDAN -- Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Iqbal Zafar Jhagra has said that they have taken people of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) into confidence about reforms in their areas and soon the reforms\' bill will be approved by the parliament.
He urged the government for sustainable development of tribal areas to reduce their sense of deprivation.
Another important objective should be to link relatively undeveloped tribal areas with developed areas through good infrastructure.