Trinity


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Trinity,

river rising in N Texas in three forks; the Clear Fork runs into the West Fork at Fort Worth, and the Elm Fork joins the West Fork at Dallas. The Trinity then flows c.510 mi (820 km) SE to Trinity Bay, an arm of Galveston Bay. The waters of upper tributaries and the main stream are impounded in numerous reservoirs that provide water for the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area; flood control; and water for irrigation. The largest reservoir, Garza–Little Elm, is impounded by Lewisville Dam (completed 1955) on the Elm Fork. The Trinity valley has a greater population and the majority of industrial development as opposed to other river basins in Texas. Massive flooding of the river occurred in the spring of 1990, recorded as among the nation's worst floods in the 20th cent.

Trinity

[Lat.,=threefoldness], fundamental doctrine in Christianity, by which GodGod,
divinity of the three great monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as many other world religions. See also religion and articles on individual religions. Names for God

In the Old Testament various names for God are used.
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 is considered as existing in three persons. While the doctrine is not explicitly taught in the New Testament, early Christian communities testified to a perception that Jesus was God in the flesh; the idea of the Trinity has been inferred from the Gospel of St. John. The developed doctrine of the Trinity purports that God exists in three coequal and coeternal elements—God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy SpiritHoly Spirit
or Holy Ghost
[ghost, i.e., spirit, a translation of Gr. pneuma=breath, air], in Christian doctrine, the third person of the Trinity.
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 (see creedcreed
[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.

1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and
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 (1)). It sees these "persons" as constituted by their mutual relations, yet does not mean that God in his essence is Father, or a male deity. Jesus spoke of a relation of mutual giving and love with the Father, which believers could also enjoy through the Spirit. The Trinity is commemorated liturgically in the Western Church on Trinity SundayTrinity Sunday,
first Sunday after Pentecost, observed as a feast of the Trinity. It was an innovation in medieval England and spread through the Western Church in the 14th cent. The Sundays until Advent are counted from either Pentecost or Trinity.
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. For systems denying the Trinity, see UnitarianismUnitarianism,
in general, the form of Christianity that denies the doctrine of the Trinity, believing that God exists only in one person. While there were previous antitrinitarian movements in the early Christian Church, like Arianism and Monarchianism, modern Unitarianism
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.

Bibliography

See studies by L. Hodgson (1960) and A. W. Wainwright (1962); G. L. Prestige, God in Patristic Thought (repr. 1964); J. N. D. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines (1977); E. Jüngel, God as the Mystery of the World (1983).

Trinity

 

a river in North America, in the southern USA. The river is formed by the confluence of the West Fork and East Fork rivers and empties into Galveston Bay in the Gulf of Mexico. It is 820 km long (from the source of the West Fork, 1,050 km) and drains an area of 45,600 sq km. The river is fed by rain, and its mean flow rate near the mouth is 206 cu m per sec. There are reservoirs in the basin of the Trinity. Fort Worth and Dallas are situated on the Trinity.


Trinity

 

a term in Christian theology designating god. According to a fundamental Christian dogma, god’s substance is indivisible, but he exists in three persons, or hypostases: the Father, the Son (Logos, or the Word), and the Holy Spirit. The three persons of the Trinity are consubstantial, equal, and eternal. The term “Trinity, ” which does not appear in the New Testament, was first used by the theologians Theophilus and Tertullian at the end of the second century. The study of the Trinity was further developed in the third century by Origen. The profoundly irrational concept of a tripartite divinity provoked heated discussion in the Christian Church. The doctrine of the Trinity was affirmed at the Councils of Nicaea in 325 and Constantinople in 381. Many sects rejected the doctrine of the Trinity on rational grounds. (SeeANTI-TRINITARIANS.)

Trinity

botonné cross
symbolizes Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. [Christian Iconog.: Jobes, 386]
equilateral triangle
perfect geometrical representation of triune God. [Christian Symbolism: Appleton, 102]
fleur-de-lis
symbol of the trinity; resembles lily. [Christian Symbolism: EB, IV: 182]
iris
emblem of the trinity in da Vinci’s “Madonna of the Rocks.” [Plant Symbolism: Embolden, 26]
shamrock
St. Patrick’s legendary symbol of triune God. [Christian Symbolism: Appleton, 87]
Sign of the Cross
signifying Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. [Christianity: NCE, 2786]
trefoil (clover)
emblem of the Trinity. [Christian Symbolism: Cirlot, 50–51]
Trimurti
Hindu triad of Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva. [Hinduism: Brewer Dictionary, 1101]

Trinity

1. Christian theol the union of three persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, in one Godhead
2. Holy Trinity a religious order founded in 1198
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