Tristan Tzara


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Tzara, Tristan

(trēstäN` tsä`rä), 1896–1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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). His theories are expressed in Sept manifestes dada [seven dadaist manifestos] (1924). Tzara moved to Paris in 1921 and worked with André Breton. His poetry is collected in Vingt-cinque Poèmes (1918) and De la coup aux lèvres (1961).

Bibliography

See his Approximate Man and Other Writings (tr. 1973).

Tzara, Tristan

 

(real name, Samy Rosenstock). Born Apr. 14, 1896, in Moinesti, Rumania; died Dec. 24, 1963, in Paris. French poet.

In Paris in 1919, Tzara became one of the leaders of a group of dadaists, whose views he later expounded in Seven Manifestos of Dada (1924). He subsequently turned to surrealism, publishing his Essay on the State of Poetry (1931). During the rise of fascism, Tzara joined other leading representatives from the world of culture in defending the basic values of humanism as they came under attack. He later contributed to newspapers of the French Resistance.

In his early lyric poetry, including the collection The First Celestial Adventure of Monsieur Antipyrine (1916), Tzara expressed his anarchical rebellion against civilization through an almost futuristic language, consisting of disconnected and chaotic fragments of speech that could be perceived as those of a lunatic. In his later works, however, including the collections Noontides Gained (1939), Earth Descends Upon Earth (1946), At Full Flame (1955), and Permitted Fruit (1956), Tzara made use of symbolic language to convey his profound feelings on the tragedy of the human condition, writing of the hopes that animate man and impel him to seek happiness for himself and others.

WORKS

Choix de textes: Présentation par R. Lacöte et G. Haldas. Paris, 1952.
In Russian translation:
[Poems.] In Ia pishu tvoe imia, Svoboda. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Andreev, L. Siurrealizm. Moscow, 1972.
Peterson, E. Tristan Tzara: Dada and Surrational Theorist. New Brunswick, N.J. [1971].

E. GALIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Ne en Roumanie, a Moinesti, en 1896, Tristan Tzara (de son vrai nom Samuel Rosenstock) est un ecrivain d'origine juive etabli a Paris en 1920, apres avoir vecu durant la Grande Guerre a Zurich, ou il avait fonde, le 8 fevrier 1916, avec Hugo Ball, Hans Arp, Marcel Janco, Richard Huelsenbeck, Emmy Hennings et Hans Richter le mouvement << Dada >>.
Una de las primeras actividades desarrolladas por Tristan Tzara en Paris fue publicar el Bulletin Dada, concebido como continuacion de la revista Dada de Zurich.
Em sua generalidade, esse julgamento e erroneo--basta pensar em seus compatriotas Emil Cioran, Eugen Ionescu, Panait Istrati, Gherasim Luca ou Tristan Tzara, que adquiriram todos um renome mundial como escritores franceses.
In the same manner, Dada had no place of origin: Dada emerged, almost simultaneously, in many places: Zurich, Berlin, Cologne, Hanover, Paris, and New York, with support from many significant, but very different artists, such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Tristan Tzara, Max Ernst, Johannes Baargeld, Marcel Janco, Jean Arp, Hugo Ball, Kurt Schwitters, Raoul Hausmann, etc.
El Paris de Juan Larrea, Vicente Huidobro, Pablo Neruda, Louis Aragon, Tristan Tzara y Pablo Picasso, intelectualidad que descubre en el peruano adusto, un manantial innovador.
An impressive collection of letters between foremen Tristan Tzara, Andre Breton, and Francis Picabia serves as a kind of appendix, a reminder of the role these friendships played in Dada's output and eventual decline.
What makes this Dada work unique is that the author combines Dada with his own personal history, being a Romanian Jew, trailing the muse of Tristan Tzara, and originary political views; before coming to the States Andrei was a subject of communism, which he argues was the result of Lenin's revolutionary musings while exiled in Zurich.
Among these refugees were Hugo Bail, his soon-to-be wife Emmy Hennings, Tristan Tzara, the Janco brothers (Marcel, George and Jules), Arthur Segal, Jean Arp and Richard Huelsen-beck--the future founders of Dada and its home, the Cabaret Voltaire.
At the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich, a Roumanian, Tristan Tzara, an Alsacian, Hans Arp, and two Germans, Hugo Ball and Richard Hulsenbeck, founded the Dada movement.
Al final del libro se pueden encontrar las notas, un indice onomastico y un listado cronologico de las doce imagenes que constituyen la escasa documentacion visual del libro (fotografias del autor en distintas epocas de su vida acompanado, a veces, de Hemingway o Tristan Tzara pero, curiosamente, nunca de sus sucesivas esposas o hijos).
De ahi que las vanguardias se abstengan de proponer una moralidad con contenido positivo y se afiancen en lo anti(t)etico: "yo hago lo contrario de lo que propongo a los demas" (1987: 35), senala Tristan Tzara, el bufon dadaista.
Among fellow Rumanians, Eugene Ionesco seemed to him a much more important writer than the "playful" Tristan Tzara.