The plant contains a diverse kind of phytochemicals including pentacyclic triterpenes
(tormentic acid and its glucoside known as rosamultin), flavonoids, phenolic acids, volatile fragrance molecules, carotenoids, tannins etc (Bhandari et al.
The polysaccharides and triterpenes
found in Reishi mushrooms act at multiple targets in the cascade of events leading to inflammation and excessive immune response.
saponin from vitnemese ginseng (Panax vietamesis) and their hepatoprotective activity, J Nat prod.
hot water and/or alcohol extracts of fruiting bodies (for extraction of the polysaccharide and triterpene
components) which have been evaporated to dryness and made into capsules or tablets either separately or integrated together in designated proportions
Identification of triterpene
hydroxycinnamates with in vitro antitumor activity from whole cranberry fruit (Vaccinium macrocarpon).
of toxic and non-toxic taxa of Lantana camara.
The presence of pentacyclic triterpenes
is considered an evidence for the progress of widely running microbial processes.
Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic reported that the antiproliferative effects of pentacyclic triterpenes
in the plant resin many inhibit the Erk-1/2 signal transduction pathway that is central to tumorigenesis (Adv.
Primary active constituents are triterpenes
aquifolium Mart) plant height, stem diameter, and the number of leaves and branches, but levels of triterpenes
and total phenols were not affected (Pereira et al.
The therapeutic effects of ginseng have been attributed to its active ingredients, ginsenosides, sugar conjugates of dihydroxyl or trihydroxyl dammarane triterpenes
known as panaxadiol and panaxatriol.
The non-sweet constituents mainly are labdane diterpenes, triterpenes
, sterols and flavonoids.