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Trnava(tûr`nävä), Ger. Tyrnau, Hung. Nagyszombat, city (1991 pop. 71,783), W central Slovakia. The market for a fertile agricultural region, it produces motor vehicles, refined sugar, agricultural machinery, and railroad cars. The city is also a Roman Catholic episcopal see. Founded in the 6th or 7th cent., Trnava was a center of Slovak Catholicism in the Middle Ages; it is called the Slovak Rome because of its many churches and monasteries, notably the fine Gothic cathedral.
a city in Czechoslovakia, in the Slovak Socialist Republic, in West Slovakia. Population, 46,600 (1974).
Industry in Trnava includes the processing of agricultural products and machine building. An atomic power plant is located near the city. Among Trnava’s architectural monuments are the Church of St. Nicholas (14th to 17th centuries), with a baroque chapel (mid–18th century; G. R. Donner), and the Franciscan Church (14th century), both in the Gothic style, and the Jesuit University Church and Invalid Church (17th century), both in the baroque style.