Tropaeolum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Tropaeolum

 

a genus of sometimes tuberous and frequently climbing perennial or annual herbaceous plants of the family Tropaeolaceae. The stems are succulent and branching. The alternate leaves are most often long-petioled, peltate, lobed, or palmatipartite. The axillary, solitary flowers are usually large, bisexual, zygomorphic, and spurred; they are yellow, orange, or red. There are five sepals; the corolla, which usually has five petals, is sometimes bilabiate. The fruit is a schizocarp and consists of three single-seeded carpels.

There are approximately 80 species of Tropaeolum, distributed primarily in South America in forests and thickets from Peru to Colombia and Venezuela, mainly in the Andes. Most species are ornamentals. The best-known annual forms of Tropaeolum are hybrid varieties of the garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) and of a number of other species. These hybrids are united under the name of X T. cultorum. Tuberous species are raised in greenhouses; the tubers of some species are edible. The buds and immature fruits can be used like capers.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Nasturtium (Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus) is a herbal plant from the order Brassicales, that meets the German "Commission E" standards of herbal medicines in 1978 (Blumenthal 1998).
La revision de Tropaeolum para la Argentina, sobre la base de estudios exomorfologicos vegetativos, florales, carpologicos y de observaciones de habitat y habito (Bulacio & Bernardello, 2005) permitio delimitar 14 especies que se distribuyen en las provincias del noroeste, noreste y sur del pais.
B2 Epe G rhz 72 Tradescantia fluminensis B2 Epe C pf Velloso 73 Tropaeolum majus L.
Especies nativas andinas que tienen interes actual o potencial para mejorar las economias rurales en los Andes centrales Grupo Cultivo Nombre cientifico Tuberosas Mashua Tropaeolum tuberosum Oca Oxalis tuberosa Olluco Ullucus tuberosus Papa Solanum spp.
Nutritional evaluation of three underexploited Andean tubers: Oxalis tuberosa (Oxalidaceae), Ullucus tuberosus (Basellaceae), and Tropaeolum tuberosum (Tropaeolaceae).
Gladioli and other summer-flowering corms such as ixias and sparaxis, tubers of Tropaeolum tuberosum and half-hardy summer-flowering bulbs including tigridias and chincherinchees should be lifted in autumn, as soon as the foliage has been blackened by frost.
Grand yew hedges are emblazoned with fiery strips of Tropaeolum speciosum.
By contrast, the canary creeper Tropaeolum canariense is a piece of cake .
Ullucus tuberosus Caldas, and Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz and Pavon); Andean roots [Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft, Canna indica L.
Solanum sp * TROPAEOLACEAE Tropaeolum sp * URTICACEAE Urticaceae VERBENACEAE Aegiphila mortonii Moldenke * Aloysia sp * Duranta sp * FAMILIA MORFOTIPO POLINICO Periodo II S I T (+) FO ADOXACEAE Sambucus peruviana Kunth * AMARANTHACEAE Amaranthaceae Iresine sp AMARYLLIDACEAE Amaryllidaceae 2 13 ANACARDIACEAE Schinus sp * 15 100 APIACEAE Apiaceae 4 27 Conium maculatum L.
Use a variety of evergreens for structure such as Daphne Laureloa, Viburnum Tinus and Sarcococca Hookeriana for its wonderful winter scent, then change your display with seasonal colours such as Nicotina 'Lime Green, Tropaeolum majus 'Black Velvet' and Calendula 'art shades' for a dazzling summer vision of delight.
2012) showed that Tropaeolum majus has diuretic effect, which was associated to flavonoid isoquercitrin (Gasparotto Junior et al.