troubadour

(redirected from Trovadoras)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

troubadour

1. any of a class of lyric poets who flourished principally in Provence and N Italy from the 11th to the 13th centuries, writing chiefly on courtly love in complex metric form
2. a singer

Troubadour

 

a medieval Provençal poet-singer and songwriter; the troubadours flourished from the 11th to 13th centuries in southern France. About 500 troubadours are known, most of them knights or feudal lords, such as William IX, duke of Aquitaine. A few, however, were from the townspeople, for example, Folquet of Marseille, a merchant’s son, and Peire Vidal, the son of a furrier.

The poetry of the troubadours celebrated the joy of life and generally concerned the cult of the “fair lady, ” courtly love, or military exploits (many troubadours, such as William IX, count of Poitiers, had fought in the Crusades). Social and political themes may also be found, as in the work of Bertrán de Born. The lyrics of the troubadours are distinguished by their refinement, complexity of verse form, and musicality; they influenced the trouvères and the German minnesingers. A troubadour often performed with a minstrel, who accompanied him on a musical instrument.

G. Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore is based on the drama of the same name by A. Garcia Gutierrez. H. Heine, E. Rostand, L. Aragon, and T. S. Eliot were all influenced by the poetry of the troubadours, and themes from troubadour poetry appear in A. Blok’s The Rose and the Cross (1913). Many of the troubadours’ compositions have been published in the collection The Musical Heritage of the Troubadours. (See alsoPROVENÇAL LITERATURE.)

REFERENCES

Ivanov, K. A. Trubadury, truvery i minnezingery, 2nd ed. Petrograd, 1915.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 80–93.
Lommatzsch, E. Leben und Lieder der provenzalischen Troubadours, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1957–59.
Gennrich, F. Der musicalische Nachlass der Troubadours, vols. 1–2. Darmstadt, 1958–60.

V. S. LOZOVETSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Mujeres que escriben, cuentan y cantan para otras mujeres, como las trovadoras del medioevo: herencia en nuestra cultura hibrida de una globalizacion imperialista secular.
Recordemos que los versos de la Condesa tuvieron como escenario el llamado <<renacimiento del siglo XII>>, ese periodo en el cual un movimiento internacionalista en Europa nos regalo poesia, arquitectura y filosofia, en Provenza, en Paris, en Inglaterra, y en el marco del cual los trovadores y trovadoras (pues mujeres como Marie de France, y la misma Condesa, asi como Maria de Ventadorn, Alamanda, Clara de Andaza, entre otras, fueron grandes exponentes) cantaron grandes historia de amor de una manera nueva.
Mirando al publico existente, genre joven en su mayoria, con presencia cesi igual de latinos y sajones, pense qua mi anfitrion habia cometido un error: Este publico no tenia ni idea quienes eran estas dos placidas viejitas, parte de la legeodaria institncion de las Hermanas Marquez, primer trio importante de mujeres trovadoras qua tuvo Cuba desde la decada del 30 y qua han escrito paginas importantes de nuestra historia musical, aparte de los meritos de Trina come compositore destacada.