Trzciniec Culture


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Trzciniec Culture

 

a Bronze Age culture that occupied the central belt of Central and Eastern Europe, extending approximately from the Warta River in the west to the Sejm River in the east. The culture was named after the remains of a settlement near Trzciniec, in the Polish województwo of Lublin.

The settlements of the Trzciniec culture were unfortified, containing pit houses and small surface dwellings. Burial grounds were constructed with or without burial mounds, and burial was usually by inhumation. Finds include various ceramic items, flint and stone tools, and articles of bone and bronze. The tribes of the Trzciniec culture engaged principally in livestock raising and land cultivation. The social structure was based on the clan. The Trzciniec culture lasted approximately from the 16th to the mid-12th century B.C., eventually becoming part of the Lausitz culture throughout most of its territory.

REFERENCES

Berezanskaia, S. S. Srednii period bronzovogo veka v Severnoi Ukraine. Kiev, 1972.
Gardawski, A. “Plemiona kultury trzcinieckiej w Polske.” Materialy starozytne, Warsaw, 1959, vol. 5, pp. 7–189.