(second name, Meng P’u). Born 1871 in Ch’angshu District, Kiangsu Province; died there 1934. Chinese writer.
Tseng took part in the liberal reform movement of 1895–98. In 1907 he founded and edited a literary journal, Hsiaoshuo lin. In 1919–20 he worked on An Essay on the History of French Literature, and in the early 1930’s he prepared a Chinese-language edition of works by V. Hugo. Tseng’s novel Flowers in a Sea of Evil (1906; Russian translation, 1960) expressed anti-Manchu and antimilitarist sentiments. It was the first Chinese novel to describe Russia, Germany, Korea, and Vietnam and to portray the followers of Sun Yat-sen, as well as foreign, including Russian, revolutionaries. In 1929, Tseng P’u published Love, the first part of an uncompleted novel entitled The Boy Lu. This work contained autobiographical themes.
REFERENCESSemanov, V. I. Evoliutsiia kitaiskogo romana. Moscow, 1970.
Semanov, V. I. “Staryi pisatel’ v novom okruzhenii.” In Literatura i kul’tura Kitaia. Moscow, 1972.
A Ying. Wan Ch’ing hsiaoshuo shih. Peking, 1955.