Tshwane, City of

Tshwane, City of,

metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 2,921,488), Gauteng prov., NE South Africa. PretoriaPretoria
, city, Gauteng prov., administrative capital of South Africa and formerly capital of Transvaal. Pretoria is now part and seatof the City of Tshwane metropolitan municipality, and in 2005 the metropolitan council voted to rename Pretoria Tshwane, an action not yet
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 is the municipal seat; other communities include Soshanguve, Mamelodi, Mabopane, and Centurion. The City of Tshwane was established in 2000, incorporating 13 former city and town councils. Primarily an administrative center, Tshwane also has an iron and steel industry and automobile assembly plants. Pretoria also is the administrative capital of South Africa.
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