Groote Schuur

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Groote Schuur

(khro͝o`tə skür) [Afrik.,=large barn], estate, Cape Town, Western Cape, SW South Africa. The main building of the estate, which is a good example of Dutch colonial architecture, was erected on the site of a large barn dating from 1657. It once was the home of Cecil RhodesRhodes, Cecil John
, 1853–1902, British imperialist and business magnate. Business Career

The son of a Hertfordshire clergyman, he first went to South Africa in 1870, joining his oldest brother, Herbert, on a cotton plantation in Natal.
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 and later was an official residence of South Africa's prime ministers and presidents; it is now a museum. The Univ. of Cape Town is those grounds of the estate that were bequeathed by Rhodes for a national university; in 1967, Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the world's first human heart transplant operation there.