Tulane University of Louisiana (to͞olān`, tyo͞o`–), at New Orleans; coeducational; opened 1834, chartered 1835 as a state medical college. It became the Univ. of Louisiana in 1847 but was reorganized in 1884 when it was endowed by Paul Tulane. The college of arts and sciences is for men. The woman's division is Newcomb College (officially H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College; chartered 1886, opened 1887 through a gift from Josephine L. Newcomb). Tulane's medical school has been noted since its beginning. Special research programs include the Middle American Research Institute, the Amistad Research Center, the Murphy Institute for Political Economy, the William Ransom Hogan Jazz Archive, the Newcomb College Center for Research on Women, and the International Center for Medical Research and Training.