The grand congregational mosque was intended as the focal point of ibn Tulun's capital, Al-Qata'i, which served as the centre of administration for the Tulunid
The oldest mosque in Egypt, Ibn Tulun Mosque was completed in 879AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named Al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid
Dynasty (868-905AD), Ahmad Ibn Tulun.
Summary: CAIRO - The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is only remaining monument in the City of Qata'i', established in AD 870 as the capital of the Tulunid
state in Egypt.
The Ancient Egyptian architecture and monuments dating back over three thousand years, and in Cairo examples of every period of Islamic architecture from the Tulunid
to the Ottoman.
It is one of the only few monuments from Egypt's Tulunid
It owed its success in part to the political support of the Tulunid
dynasty in Egypt and to resistance to the imperial policies of the 'Abbasids.
And thus, the Tulunid
dynasty was founded, and Ibn Tulun's descendants continued to rule over Egypt until 905 CE, when the Abassid Caliphate recaptured control of the country.
Rounding out the collection are significant number of blank, broken, and/or illegible objects, as well as a smaller number of items from the Umayyad (661-750) and 'Abbasid periods (750-868 and 905-935), and two from the Tulunid
(868-905) and one from the Ayyubid (1171-1250) eras, respectively.
In particular, Egyptian-based Tulunid
power extended--if only for a while--across Palestine and Syria to the borderlands facing Byzantium in southern Anatolia.
256-79/870-92) at the time of the latter's attempted passage to Egypt ( around 269/882-83) where he sought Tulunid
protection from his brother, al-Muwaffaq.
Among his original findings is the significance of Maqrizi's biographical dictionary, al-Muqaffa (of which only fragments survive), as a source for reconstructing lists of participants in debates over succession crises of the Tulunid
and Ikhsidid regimes (p.
Neglected as a province after the caliphal capital moved from Damascus to Baghdad in the eighth century, by the later ninth century central 'Abbasid authority was waning and Syria was contested between various Muslim rulers such as the Tulunids
, Ikhshidids, and Hamdanids.