Tungus


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Tungus

(to͝onko͝oz`), Siberian ethnic group, numbering perhaps 30,000. They are subdivided into the Evenki, who live in the area from the Yenisei and Ob river basins to the Pacific Ocean and from the Amur River to the Arctic Ocean, and the Lamut, who live on the coast of the Okhotsk Sea. The Tungus are closely related to the Manchus. Before they were brought under Soviet control, the Tungus practiced a shamanistic religion. The Tungus, or Tunguzic, languages are a division of the Altaic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languagesUralic and Altaic languages
, two groups of related languages thought by many scholars to form a single Ural-Altaic linguistic family. However, other authorities hold that the Uralic and Altaic groups constitute two unconnected and separate language families.
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) that includes the Manchu literary language; they may be related to the Mongolic and Turkic families.

Bibliography

See I. Lissner, Man, God, and Magic (tr. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Yukaghir, arrow, loanword from Tungus languages, hunting term, language taboo.
In the genesis of the Tungus shaman, the novitiate is dismembered and consumed by spirits.
Nomadic Tungus reindeer herders 30 kilometres away had reported seeing a giant fireball and the mass destruction of forests.
625, 628, 1959 AMC 597, 599-600 (1959) (holding in nonfatal injury cases, state substantive liability standards are superseded by federal maritime law, allowing unseaworthiness actions); The Tungus v.
This was done for ten of the Asian and Oceanic populations in the C-S sample: Uralic, Japanese, Mon Khmer, Thai, Mongol Tungus, Tibetan, North Turkic, South Chinese, Chukchi and Australian.
Recently, eight K-bentonite beds were discovered in the Late Ordovician of the Tungus basin on the Siberian Platform.
Tungus gitu-mi 'on/by foot', Yukaghir -m(V), -me[eta], e.
Fo '100' the Tsintsius comparative Tungus dictionary is cited as registering "[a] promising etymology [that] relates this word to the Tungusic language Orok, powo 'ten'" (p.
It is likely that this represents a ritual similar to that observed in Priajan Tungus.
The outcrop area is located on the southern margin (in present-day orientation) of the extensive epicontinental Tungus basin on the Siberian Platform between Katanga and Enisej (also spelt Yenisei or Yenisey) Lands (Fig.
Using his work in Nepal as a base, along with the formative studies of Siberian Tungus shamanism, Sidky creates a historic/ethnographic definition that refines and refutes the theories of Eliade, who wished to find a universal practice.
5) We can see that the use of words for large rivers was a fairly common practice among the Tungus of Manchuria.