Tunja


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Tunja

(to͞on`hä), city (1993 pop. 101,622), capital of Boyacá dept., central Colombia, on the Pan-American Highway. It is a commercial center and distribution point for the products of the region (coal, gold, emeralds, mineral water, and agricultural products) and for the cattle of the eastern llanos. Tunja was founded in 1539. It declared its independence from Spain in 1811 and shortly thereafter served as Simón BolívarBolívar, Simón
, 1783–1830, South American revolutionary who led independence wars in the present nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
..... Click the link for more information.
's staging point for the victory at BoyacáBoyacá
, town, Boyacá dept., N central Colombia, near Tunja. At Boyacá on Aug. 7, 1819, revolutionary forces under Simón Bolívar won the decisive engagement that assured the independence of present-day Colombia and Venezuela from Spain.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The city retains many colonial buildings. It has a university.

Tunja

 

a city in Colombia, on the Pan-American Highway; capital of Boyacá Department. Population, 77,000 (1971). Tunja has a railroad station and enterprises of the textile industry. Emeralds and hard coal are mined in the vicinity.

The city, founded in 1539, has retained its rectangular layout and appearance from the colonial period. Architectural monuments include a Renaissance cathedral (1569–1600, architects P. de Sosa and B. Carrion), the monastery of Santo Domingo (1551, now with a museum of religious art), and the Chapel of Nuestra Señora del Rosario, which is decorated with rich carved ornamentation. There are also numerous 16th- and 17th-century houses with galleries in the inner courtyards, carved and paneled ceilings, and portals in the plateresque and Herreran styles.

REFERENCES

Salamanca Aguilera, R. Guia histórica ilustrada de Tunja. Bogotá [1939].
References in periodicals archive ?
This move came after the two Ugandan helicopters gunships used by South Sudan government had dropped random explosives and chemicals on our positions in Panyinkang, Tunja and Nyijuat Payam at 12pm yesterday.
In eastern Colombia near the cities of Velez, Cucuta, Socorro and Tunja, Africans manufactured textiles in commercial mills.
22(SUNA)- The Humanitarian Aid Commission(HAC) disclosed a new influx of 4078 South Sudanese refugees from Tunja area in Upper Nile to Liri Locality in South Kordofan State which raised the number to over 31000 centered on South Kordofan and the White Nile State.
The organisers said they have submitted evidence of the event held in Boyaca's capital, Tunja, to Guinness World Records.
NAIRO QUINTANA Team: Movistar DoB: February 4, 1990 Place of birth: Tunja, Colombia Height: 5ft 5ins Weight: 126lbs Tour of Britain number: 91 NAIRO QUINTANA is tailor made for today's mountain stage finish in Snowdonia.
The death occurred when a motorcyclist crashed on the road between Bogota and Tunja after being struck by a tear gas canister shot by police, broadcaster Caracol reported.
Gustavo Nieto was born in Tunja, Colombia 60 years ago.
In the last five years the company has grown 129%, expanding into the most important cities in Colombia including Bogota, Medellin, Cartagena, Santa Marta, Tunja and San Andres Island, with strategic focus on hotspots, interactive media connectivity and new advertising channels.
4) Corporacion Tejido Ambiente (CTAM); y Fundacion Universitaria Juan De Castellanos, Grupo de Investigacion en Artropodos de Importancia Medica y Agropecuaria, Tunja, Colombia.
Naipaul uses his character Harry da Tunja (the sole redeemable persona in the novel) to make pithy, if not quite analytical, comments on the developing conditions of the island.
XVII Congresso Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, Tunja, Octobre 1-5.