Tupinambis


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Tupinambis

 

(teju, tegu), a genus of reptiles of the family Teiidae of the suborder Sauria (Lacertilia). Tejus measure up to 90 cm in length and weigh up to 5 kg. There are four species, which are distributed in South America. The best known is Tupinambis teguixin, which inhabits forests, riverbanks, swamps, and fields. It shelters primarily in armadillo burrows and old termite nests and anthills. Its diet consists of small mammals, birds and their eggs (it sometimes raids chicken coops), amphibians, invertebrates, and fruits. From 23 to 36 eggs are deposited in the loose soil that fills old passageways in armadillo burrows or in piles of plant residue. The meat of the tejus tastes like chicken and is used for food. The skin is used to make various articles.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fitzgerald LA (1994) Tupinambis lizard and people: a sustainable use approach to conservation and development.
TABELA I ANIMAIS USADOS COM FINS MEDICINAIS: NOME POPULAR, PARTE UTILIZADA, DOENCA E MODO DE PREPARO SEGUNDO MORADORES RURAIS DA SERRA DO OURO BRANCO Nome Pista Parte vernacular taxonomica utilizada Doenca Galinha Galhis gallus Gordura Tirar o catarro do peito (enxume) Teiu Tupinambis Gordura Dor de ouvido merianae Tratamento de hemorroida Couro Dor nas 'cadeiras' Capivara Hydrochaeris Gordura/oleo Dor nas 'cadeiras' Hdochaeris Reumatismo/dor nas juntas Bronquite Tamandua Tamandua Gordura Depurativo do sangue tetradactyla Tratar asma Tatu Dasypus sp.
Deste total, 9 animais foram citados para propositos medicinais, foram eles: Cerdocyon thous (raposa), lguana iguana (camaleao), Phrynops geoffroanus (cagado), Tupinambis merianae (teju, Boa constrictor (jiboia/cobra de veado), Euphractus sexcinctus (tatu peba), Gallus gallus domesticus (galinha), Cardisoma guanhumi (goiamum) e Echinometra lucunter (ourico do mar).
TABLE 2 Ethno-species mentioned by interviewed at open-air marked in Abaetetuba, Para, Brazil Taxa Ethno-species Consume Buy Fce RE (%) Fce RE (%) REPTILES Iguana iguana chameleon 14 15 02 02 Tupinambis goldteju 24 25 (a) 03 03 teguixin Alligatoridae cayman 75 78 (a) 85 79 (a) Geochelone sp.
Segun estos parametros, la posicion del nido implica, en primer lugar, que queda desprotegido de vegetacion, dando mayor oportunidad a los depredadores (como los "matos", Tupinambis sp.
Entre las especies consideradas como introducidas se encuentran la iguana (Iguana iguana Linnaeus, 1758), la tortuga terrestre Geochelone carbonaria (Spix, 1824), los saurios Ctenosauria similis (Gray1831), Tupinambis teguixin (Linnaeus1758), Tretioscincus bifasciatus (Dumeri11851), y la babilla, C.
Three lizards can be easily observed searching for prey on the ground or rapidly escaping from intruders: Tupinambis merianae, Ameiva ameiva and Cnemidophorus ocellifer.
oreadicus is found active on the ground and, most frequently, on iron ore rocks, living in sympatry with other lizard species such as Ameiva ameiva Linnaeus, 1758, Tupinambis teguixin (Linnaeus, 1758), Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Linnaeus, 1758), Kentropyx calcarata Spix, 1825 (Teiidae), Mabuya nigropunctata (Spix, 1825) (Scincidae), Uranoscodon superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Tropiduridae), Anolis nitens chrysolepis Dumeril and Bibron, 1837 (Polychrotidae) and Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) (Iguanidae) (Araujo, 1987; Vitt, 1993).