Having represented his father's party in the US for years, he notes: "We have [in Kurdistan] Shi'ite Arabs, Turkomans
promoting and defending Shi'ite or Sunni policies; Sunnis are rallying around the Sunni Arab identity.
The Safawis' name derived from a dynasty whose ruler Shah Isma'il-I was a Turkoman
Sunni Shi'itised by leading Jabal Amel imams (of today's South Lebanon) before he became monarch in 1501 AD.
Isma'il-I, a Turkoman
who became king in much of Persian after having converted from Sunnism to Ja'fari Shi'ism, then founded the Safavid dynasty.
Like Kurds, Turkomans
claim ownership of Kirkuk and some of their major political parties have been fiercely resisting an attachment of Kirkuk to the neighboring Kurdish region.
However, if an ethnic-cleansing attempt adversely affects the Turkomans
, Turkey may not stay out of the conflict.
We want it to reflect all the components and parts of Iraq: Arabs, Kurds, Turkomans
, Shia, Sunni, Muslim or Christian.
Of the people who roam this vast area, there are Turks, Armenians, Azeris, Kurds, Mongols, Turkomans
, Iraqis and Iranians, to name just a few.
5 million Kurds and Turkomans
, of which half of them hate Saddam and are ready to start an uprising.
Other comments are incomplete and even misleading, such as "The Turkomans
came from Turkestan north of Khurasan and Persia" (p.
If the Turkomans
want to establish their own armed forces to protect Taza Town and liberate Bashir Village, they can do that in coordination with Peshmarga forces," said Kamal.
The attack against the minority is the second in two days as militants killed five minority members and wounded 11 others when they blew up 11 bombs at houses of Shiite Turkomans
in the city of Tuz-Khurmato, some 220 km North of Baghdad.
These blocs are forming an anti-Maleki coalition to include fellow non-Safawi politicians from various Iraqi religions or sects and ethnicities (including such minorities as the Turkomans
, Christians, etc.