Booker T. Washington

(redirected from Tuskegee Machine)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Booker T. Washington
Booker Taliaferro Washington
Birthday
BirthplaceHale's Ford, Virginia, U.S.
Died
Occupation
Educator, Author, and African American Civil Rights Leader

Washington, Booker T. (Taliaferro) (b. Booker Taliaferro)

(1856–1915) educator; born in Hale's Ford, Va. He was born into slavery and adopted the name "Booker Washington" as a schoolboy; he graduated from Hampton Institute, Virginia (1875). As its first principal (1881–1915), Washington built Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, into a major black institution offering "industrial education," or vocational training, to its own students and, through its extension programs, to rural blacks. His teaching, writing, and lecturing—particularly a famous address in Atlanta in September 1895—established him as America's foremost black leader, although his promotion of education and economic progress rather than demanding equal rights as the key to progress alienated many African-American intellectuals. He was the founder and first president (1900–15) of the National Black Business League. The first of his three autobiographical volumes was Up from Slavery (1901).
References in periodicals archive ?
As long as Du Bois remained principled and independent of organized resistance to the Tuskegee Machine, their wary cooperation would continue.
The Tuskegee Machine operated on the principle that Washington's rectitude proved the race's potential, and Theodore Roosevelt and Andrew Carnegie accepted the vision.