Two-Division Primary Schools

Two-Division Primary Schools

 

advanced schools with a five- or six-year course of instruction. These schools sprang up in Russia in the 1870’s in a number of large villages, at some large railroad stations, and in district cities. The instruction was segregated according to sex. The first three years comprised the first division and corresponded in entirety to the primary school curriculum; grades 4 and 5 comprised the second division, offering Russian, arithmetic, elementary science, physics, geometry, history, and drawing; optional subjects (those studied if circumstances permitted) included gymnastics, trades, needlework, gardening, kitchen gardening, and apiculture (Directive of the Ministry of Education, dated June 4, 1875). For the most part, the children of peasants, small merchants, and handicraftsmen were instructed in these schools. The best students could enter the teachers’ seminary. After the Great October Socialist Revolution, two-division primary schools were reorganized into first and second degree schools.

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