Tysiatskii

Tysiatskii

 

in ancient Russia, the military leader of a tysiacha (town militia). In the Novgorod Feudal Republic a tysiatskii was chosen at a veche (popular meeting) of boyars, usually for a term of one year, and served as an assistant to the posadnik (prince’s vicegerent). In cities without veche administration, princes appointed tysiatskie from the aristocratic boyars; the post then became hereditary. Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich Donskoi abolished the post of tysiatskii in Moscow. Elsewhere, voevody (military governors) and namestniki (vicegerents) replaced tysiatskie, and by the mid-15th century, the post was gradually disappearing.

REFERENCE

Tikhomirov, M. N. Srednevekovaia Moskva v XFV-XV vv. Moscow, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
While Novgorod's political constitution is ambiguous, the city government apparently comprised the posadniki (mayors), the tysiatskie (originally a single tysiatskii was head of the city militia, but later there were several tysiatskie, and the office became a judicial one), and the veche.
It also noted that "having deliberated much, the posadnik and the tysiatskii and all Novgorod and the abbots (hegumens) and priests decided not to make a choice for themselves by human means but decided to accept God's decision and to trust in His mercy, and let God designate whomever He and Holy Wisdom should desire.