Ugaritic


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Ugaritic

 

the language of ancient Ugarit, recorded in written texts from the 14th and 13th centuries B.C. and in a few later inscriptions. Ugaritic belongs to the Northwestern group of Semitic languages and closely resembles the Canaanite languages, such as Phoenician and Hebrew, within which subgroup some scholars classify it. The Ugaritic texts are inscribed on clay tablets and in stone in the Ugaritic consonantal cuneiforms. This alphabet, in addition to consonantal letters, contained syllabic markings for the combinations ’a, ’i, and ’u, which makes it possible to draw conclusions about the vowels and their grammatical functions.

The texts contain three varieties of Ugaritic: archaic, classical, and vulgar, all of which differ phonetically. The consonant system of archaic Ugaritic differs only slightly from that of Proto-Semitic, lacking only lateral sibilants as separate phonemes. Classical and vulgar Ugaritic show a tendency toward loss of interdental consonants. The morphology of Ugaritic is typically Western Semitic: it preserves cases and the ancient moods and has a highly developed system of verb forms. The lexicon is Semitic, with loanwords from the Hurrian language.

REFERENCES

Segert, S. Ugaritskii iazyk. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)
Aistleitner, J. Wörterbuch der ugaritischen Sprache, 3rd ed. Berlin, 1967.
Gordon, C. H. Ugaritic Textbook, [parts 1–3]. Graz, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a starting point we may take the documents in both alphabetic Ugaritic and in Akkadian found in this spot, according to their distribution in KTU, and then according to the following categories:
17) In Ugaritic literature this applies to important deities such as El, Baal, Anat, Yam and Mot.
Cypro-Minoan, Sumerian, Akkadian, Hurrian and Ugaritic cuneiform.
The program uses Hebrew as reference and compares symbol and word frequencies and patterns in Ugaritic.
The myth of cosmic rebellion: A study of its reflexes in Ugaritic and biblical literature.
There are more ancient `catalogues' that list tablets, both literary and bureaucratic contained in baskets or perhaps on shelves, than the author has noted, and both types of text could be mixed together, as the archives of Ugarit make abundantly plain -- to give one example, in 1994 the `House of Urtennu' produced letters, legal deeds, lexical texts, literary and religious compositions in Akkadian and in Ugaritic (see P.
In Ugaritic and Old Testament Hebrew, Baal's epithet as the storm god was He Who Rides on the Clouds.
Cassuto's view that the word qaniti, "I have acquired," has the sense of "create" and also has pagan associations in a Ugaritic parallel where it refers to a mother goddess.
In this reviewer's opinion, however, the compiler of a reference grammar of an incompletely understood language such as Ugaritic has to decide how best to interpret every text, based on his understanding of the grammar as a whole, and then describe that grammar consistently as he understands it; and this Tropper did in exemplary fashion.
It is also found in Ugaritic and appears to be an Egyptian loanword.
of Texas-Austin) summarizes the grammar of the Semitic language Ugaritic for students who are already at least slightly familiar with Biblical Hebrew.
By comparing biblical documents with related ancient texts in Hebrew, Ugaritic, and Babylonian, this book shows Hebrew's distinctiveness as a self-conscious political language.