Ulrich von Hutten


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Hutten, Ulrich von

 

Born Apr. 21, 1488, in Steckel-berg; died Aug. 29, 1523, on the island of Ufenau, Lake Zürich. German humanist, writer, and political figure. A member of the knightly estate.

Hutten was an active participant in the Erfurt circle of humanists and was one of the principal authors of the satire entitled Letters of Obscure Men(1515–17), which exposed the false doctrines of the scholastics and the moral disintegration of the clergy. Hutten advocated the development of secular culture, and in his own literary works, including his pub-licistic writing, he made masterful use of the method of rationalistic criticism of the Catholic dogmas. Hutten’s optimistic, humanistic world view was permeated by faith in the power of reason and science. From the beginning of the Reformation, Hutten belonged to the opposition, which grouped around Luther. He called for an open war against the papacy and for an end to the domination of the princes in Germany. In an unsuccessful attempt to direct a movement of all peoples against Rome in the interests of his own class, Hutten took part in an uprising of knights in 1522–23; after the failure of this uprising he fled to Switzerland, where he soon died. Hutten’s principal works—pamphlets, speeches, and invectives—are written in Latin. In his dialogues vividly portrayed characters are encountered (Vadiscus, or the Roman Trinity,1520; Robbers 1521). Outstanding among Hutten’s poems are his epigrams and the satire No One(1512).

WORKS

Opera quae reperiripotuerunt omnia,vols. 1–7. Edited by E. Böcking. Leipzig, 1859–70.
In Russian translation:
Dialogi—Publitsistika—Pis’ma.Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. “Krest’ianskaia voina v Germanii.” K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch.,2nd ed., vol. 7, pp. 393–96.
Purishev, B. Ocherki nemetskoi literatury XV-XVII vv.Moscow, 1955.
Volodarskii, V. M. “Gumanisticheskie vozzreniia Ul’rikha fon Gut-tena.” In the collection Srednie veka,vol. 24. Moscow, 1963.
Straus, D. F. Ul’rikh fon Gutten.St. Petersburg, 1896. (Translated from German.)
Drewinc, H. Vier Gestalten aus dem Zeitalter des Humanismus.St. Gallen, 1946.

S. P. MARKISH and V. M. VOLODARSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
No simple uneasiness accompanied its publication by Ulrich von Hutten in 1506.
Reflecting this cultural dissimilarity, Northern Humanists, like Ulrich von Hutten, frequently distanced themselves, through the rhetorics of sodomy, from their Italian colleagues and mentors.
Patriotic poetry was also favored, as represented by such figures as Conrad Celtis and Ulrich von Hutten.
Interestingly, Schnaphan is also the title of a sarcastic pamphlet directed at robber barons (published around 1523); its main target was Franz von Sickingen, who (like Eppendorf) supported Ulrich von Hutten in his campaign against the Roman clergy.
Another well-known German who used the exemplum is Ulrich von Hutten.
Ulrich von Hutten, "one of the most satirical members of one of Germany's most satirical generations," [127] is indebted to Lucian's Charon in his satire Phalarismus and his Marcus heroicum is a mock-heroic satire with Venice personified as a megalomaniacal toad, an image he repeats in his satirical epigrams that include France portrayed as a cock (gallus).
In 1988, the Society abandoned its traditional meeting place at Nuremberg and moved to the tiny town of Schluchtern, birthplace of Ulrich von Hutten, to commemorate the 500th anniversary of his birth.
The last of these articles, possibly the most important in the collection, explores Ulrich von Hutten and Beatus Rhenanus' propagandist policies in the early Reformation.
In his famous description of More sent to Ulrich von Hutten in 1519, Erasmus declares that More "had written the second book <of Utopia> at his leisure, and, afterwards, when he found it was required, added the first off-hand.