For us, this new, weakly bound state of matter is an exciting new possibility of investigating the physics of ultracold atoms
," says Joachim BurgdE[micro]rfer.
A weak laser beam was shone through a dense cloud of the ultracold atoms
, and what emerged from the other side were photons bound in pairs or triplets - a completely new form of photonic matter.
In this field, Ultracold atoms
promise novel approaches with a specific degree of control.
MacArthur Professor of Physics at MIT and Associate Director of the Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT, Director, MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms
should lead to increasingly sensitive interferometers, devices that can measure gravity and test the limits of quantum theory.
They cover experimental methods of ultracold atomic physics, theory and experiment with Bose gas, experiment and theory with the Fermi gases and superfluids, low-dimensional atomic Bose gases, ultracold atoms
and molecules in optical lattices, unitary Fermi gases, and potential insights into non-equilibrium behavior from atomic physics.
One candidate for such a computer is a so-called optical lattice, in which ultracold atoms
are coaxed by strategically placed laser beams into a grid arrangement, rather like eggs in an egg carton.
IN A NUTSHELL: ColdQuanta provides tools to researchers studying ultracold atoms
Vuletic and Lukin lead the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms
, and together they have been looking for ways, both theoretical and experimental, to encourage interactions between photons.
Using focused laser beams, researchers performed experiments in which they confined a gas of ultracold atoms
in two-dimensional traps.
Notable examples include foundations in artificial intelligence, compressive sensing and automated scene recognition, ultracold atoms
and advanced sensing and navigation, advances in optoelectronics and mid-infrared imaging technology, and direct brain-computer communication.