Ulug Beg

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Ulug Beg

 

(also Ulugh Beg; real name, Muhammad Taragay). Born Mar. 22, 1394; died Oct. 27, 1449. Uzbek astronomer and mathematician.

A grandson of Tamerlane, Ulug Beg was-declared ruler of Samarkand in 1409. After the death of his father, Shah Rokh, in 1447, he became head of the Timurid dynasty.

While still a youth, Ulug Beg became interested in science. His intellectual development owed much to the great amount of time he spent in the extensive library assembled by his father. Although he was passionately interested in poetry and studied history, he directed most of his efforts at astronomy.

Ulug Beg attracted the most prominent scholars and scientists of his day to Samarkand and with their help built an observatory. Judging from its equipment and the results of the work conducted there, the observatory was to have no equal until long after Ulug Beg’s lifetime (seeULUG BECS OBSERVATORY).

Ulug Beg’s scientific work and enlightenment activities aroused the displeasure of the Muslim clergy and the reactionary feudal lords, who accused him of heresy and organized a conspiracy against him. Ulug Beg was traitorously murdered, and his observatory was barbarously destroyed.

References in periodicals archive ?
He built the great Ulugh Beg Observatory in Samarkand between 1424 and 1429.
The greatest astronomer of the age was Ulugh Beg, born in 1394, who built an immense observatory at Samarkand and charted nearly a thousand stars.
But Sheikh ul-Islam Kadizade the most senior cleric of the time persuaded the Sultan that Takiyuddin's prying into secrets of the heavens was as blasphemous as the planetary tables of the Samarkand astronomer Ulugh Beg who had supposedly been beheaded for similar temerity.
Registan -- gravely damaged in a 1904 earthquake and rebuilt in the 1970s -- is an overwhelming plaza flanked by three madrasas: Ulugh Beg, Tilla- Kori, Sher- Dor.
His father, Mohammad Al Qushji (the falconer), who was attached to the royal court of Mirza Mohammad Taraghay Bin Shahrukh, better known as Ulugh Beg (ruled 1394-1449).
China's national astronomical observatories and Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute from Uzbekistan agreed to step up cooperation, the Xinhua news agency reported on Friday.
The last notable observatory of this scale had been built in Samarkand in 1424 by Mirza Ulugh Beg, grandson of the mighty Mongol warrior Timur.
2)--a stone known historically as a 'balas ruby'--that bears no fewer than six inscriptions, starting with that of the Timurid ruler Ulugh Beg, followed by the Safavid Shah Abbas I, the Mughal emperors Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb, and finally, Ahmad Shah, the Durrani ruler of Afghanistan.
Following the style of Arab astronomer Prince Ulugh Beg, who built the 15th century observatory in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the place is also called "Yantra Mandir" or "the temple of instruments," and is the definitive pilgrimage site for the scientifically-inclined.
The still-standing fabulous madrasa of Ulugh Beg in Samarqand is one such example.
The physician Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, wrote his celebrated Canon of Medicine in Bukhara, and the royal astronomer Ulugh Beg, using an enormous sextant set in a hillside overlooking Samarkand, plotted the position of over a thousand stars.
The two chapters on the seventeenth century focus on the translation and subsequent use of a specific fifteenth-century astronomical handbook, the Zij of Ulugh Beg, who ruled Samarkand in the early fifteenth century.