Umar


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Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
He said in bi-lateral meetings, organized with a view to seek technical support from British experts, it was re-iterated by the British officials that they would instead like to benefit from the expertise of PITB and Umar Saif.
Pictured are (from left) Osama Subhan, William Mably, Teddy Williams, James Meggitt, David Kett, Anush Patel, Robbie Dyson, |Ryan Fearnley, Dan O'Sullivan, Umar Malik, Thomas Bevan and Colin Ingram (Glamorgan)
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Umar - who lived close to a park where the Asian gang preyed - made his online boasts just hours after police revealed there were currently 173 live investigations into grooming in South Yorkshire.
Although he had a considerable historiographical tradition from which to draw, Ibn Asakir's biography of Umar II is distinct from those of his predecessors in two major ways.
Even those) who were opposed to jihad now view democracy with despondency and have chosen the path of fighting," Umar was quoted as saying in the video by Pakistan Risk, a website that offers analysis of political and security issues.
Umar displayed some innovative shots and excellent footwork, but in the eighth over he had a lucky escape when Brad Hogg dropped him off Nathan Coulter-Nile on the square-leg boundary.
Thanks to that brilliant 94 from Umar Akmal, Pakistan reached a now-we-must-win-from-here 191 for five in their 20 overs.
ISLAMABAD : Pakistan's fast-rising batsman Umar Akmal suffered a seizure during a flight to Jamaica and spent a night in a hospital before being rushed home, a relative said yesterday.
Umar, whose full name is not given, is filmed sitting with Abu Dujana
The Minister of Transport - Senator Idris Umar has stated that the country will witness sweeping drop in poverty with the inauguration of rail transport involving Oyo State capital - Ibadan and Lagos within the coming two-year period.
And last night the mother of Mohammed Umar Khan spoke of her frustration follow news Birmingham Children's Hospital may not carry out the op until November.