Umar


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Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
The Commission's position in paragraph 2(a) above was also maintained and sustained by the Attorney General of the Federation while appearing before the House of Representatives' Investigative Committee sometimes in 2015 to the effect that report of investigations showed that the allegations against Justice Danladi Umar were based on mere suspicions.
Asad Umar wants a sit-in on a suitable location in the cyberspace for which he said dates would be soon announced.
The current issue between Umar and Arthur should be sorted out with mutual understanding, and there is no need for any inquiry," he
Evading query " During confrontation, Umar was not very cooperative with us while Kanhaiya Kumar, who was sent to oneday police custody, had given answers to all the questions raised by the cops.
When asked if he was disappointed on missing out on his century, Umar said: "I am not at all sad because this is a big score and had I scored it, it would have been the first in the PSL and my name would have been among the top international cricketers.
One such family is that of Major Umar Baig Mirza and Lieutenant Colonel Amer Baig, brothers of the current Commandant 'Command and Staff College', Quetta Major General Shahid Baig Mirza.
Umar, whose full name is not given, is filmed sitting with Abu Dujana
He appears normal, lively and happy, but parents Maskeen and Rokhila, of Florence Avenue, Sparkbrook, have to make sure Umar does not overdo things.
Umar (65) made his intentions clear from the start taking the attack to the bowlers after Pakistan were put in to bat first on a pitch which offered some help for the seamers.
According to local daily Haveeru, a special disciplinary committee voted four to one in favor of dismissing Umar, but the decision reportedly did not have the support of former President and Party Leader Maumoon Abdul Gayoom.
Click here for Live Updates Teams Pakistan- Taufeeq Umar, Mohammad Hafeez, Younis Khan, Azhar Ali,Misbah-ul-Haq (capt), Umar Akmal, Adnan Akmal (wk), Abdur Rehman, Wahab Riaz, Umar Gul, Saeed Ajmal.