Umar

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Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- The All Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC) Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has said that shutdowns are the last resort for Hurriyet leadership to show resentment against highhandedness of the Indian authorities.
ISLAMABAD -- All Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC)Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq Saturday termed Kashmir as a political and human issue saying that the people of Kashmir have been offering sacrifices for the past over six decades for its peaceful resolution.
RAWALPINDI -- A Pakistani delegation led by DG Rangers (Punjab) Maj-Gen Umar Farooq Burki has departed for New Delhi today for talks with officials of the Border Security Force (BSF).
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had said he will follow Vajpayee's ( Atal Bihari Vajpayee) policy on Kashmir but the present move contradicts it," moderate separatist leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq told M AIL T ODAY .
Srinagar, May 21 ( ANI ): Separatist leader and chief of the moderate faction of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, who is under house arrest, called for a shutdown in Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday to mark the death anniversaries of Mirwaiz Moulvi Mohammad Farooq and Abdul Ghani Lone.
Umar Farooq, of Church Street in Paddock, was before Kirklees magistrates yesterday.
The biggest march, led by the moderate All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq began its five kilometer long journey from the prayer grounds at Eidgah in the old city.
ISLAMABAD -- All Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC) Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has said that around 200 participants from different sections of the society will have a brainstorming session at Mirwaiz Manzil on November 18 to devise a joint strategy to counter aggressive and suppressive policies of the occupation the authorities.
They said seven out of 46 PTI district councilors had submitted their applications to contest the district nazim elections on behalf of the party in which three district councilors including Shahid Bacha, Abdus Sattar and Umar Farooq Kakakheil were interviewed after scrutinizing them by the party chairman Imran Khan in Islamabad.
Instead of cosying up to its present coalition partner Congress, the NC is wooing Hurriyat Conference moderate leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq.
Srinagar, Sep 11 (ANI): An indefinite curfew has been imposed in Srinagar and a case has been filed against All Parties Hurriyat Conference Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq following Friday's violence and arson attack on a police barrack in the Kashmir Valley region.
ISLAMABAD -- All Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC)Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), Mohammad Yasin Malik have denounced Indian Held Kashmir autorities for imposing restrictions to prevent people from participating in the Million March.