Umar

(redirected from Umar Farooq)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
..... Click the link for more information.
). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
According to reporter , Mirwaiz Umar Farooq in a statement issued in Srinagar deplored that the most despicable crime against women, rape continued and even minor girls are not spared by the Indian forces' personnel.
According to reporter, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq wrote on social networking site, 'Lies and propaganda being spread by the Indian Army as another civilian Gowhar Ahmed Lone found brutally killed behind his steering wheel in the mayhem let loose by them at Shopian yesterday night taking the toll of killings to 6.
The puppet authorities placed Mirwaiz Umar Farooq under house arrest and prevented him from addressing the faithful at the revered shrine of Hazrat Sheikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jeelani (RA) at Khanyar on the occasion of annual Urs of the saint popularly known as Dastgeer Sahib on Thursday.
While Syed Ali Gilani is already under house detention, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq was also placed under house arrest at his residence in Nigeen on Thursday.
Bangalore/New Delhi [India], June 16 ( ANI ): Soon after Kashmiri separatist leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq tweeted a congratulatory message to Pakistan over their Champions Trophy victory against England, the Bharatiya Janata Party launched a scathing attack on him, branding him as a 'traitor'.
According to reporter, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq in a statement issued in Srinagar said that the characteristic of Kashmiri hospitality had remained intact despite being exposed to decades of conflict.
According to Kashmir Media Service, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq extended his wishes to Mohammad Yasin Malik and prayed for his speedy recovery.
The authorities have also put Hurriyat leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Mukhtar Ahmed Waza under house arrest or in custody to stop them from leading the demonstrations.
However, they, pointed out that Shahid Bacha and Abdus Sattar were elected through general elections while Umar Farooq Kakakheil was elected on the party reserved seat in the district council.
According to Kashmir Media Service, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq extended his wishes to Muhammad Yasin Malik and prayed for his speedy recovery.
ISLAMABAD -- The Hurriyat forum Chairman, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq in Indian Occupied Kashmir has paid glowing tributes to the supreme sacrifice of prominent Kashmiri liberation leader, Mohammad Maqbool Butt.
The Joint Resistance Leadership (JRL) comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Mohammad Yasin Malik, had announced to hold the seminar titled 'Human Rights Violations in Kashmir and Criminal Silence of World Community' in connection with the World Human Rights Day to be observed tomorrow (Sunday).