Underlying Surface

Underlying Surface

 

the earth’s surface considered from the point of view of its interaction with the atmosphere in the process of heat and moisture exchange. Differences in the nature of the underlying surface— between land and water surfaces, mountains and plains, forests and fields, and so forth— have a significant effect on the physical state of the atmosphere, that is, on weather and climate. Differences in the absorption, expenditure, and accumulation of the sun’s radiant energy by different areas of the underlying surface have a significant effect on the general circulation of the atmosphere and, in addition, are the cause of local atmospheric circulation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Imagery of areas with dense vegetation cover will not accurately represent the underlying surface area.
Da (2013) discussed the shallow water equation forms when underlying surface slowly changes with time and obtained the vorticity equation with an underlying surface.
This film layer self-assembles with lamella or cylinders perpendicular to the underlying surface.
Open competition: development, manufacturing and delivery of complex layout multisensor airborne systems forming flows observed image frames phono-target and navigational (ftso and ho) (part 2), a complex simulation of operating modes of motion sensing element and visible daily movement of the sun with a moving underlying surface (part 2 ) and complex simulation ftso and ho (part 2) for the project reconstruction of hil simulation kpm - ivskkn federal state unitary enterprise state research institute of aviation systems (fsue gosniias), moscow
The immersion gold plating reduced the oxidation of the underlying surface finish and improved the solderability results.
Resident Keith Wise says he can even see the underlying surface as the potholes are so deep.
If the underlying surface colors of a machine, for example, are not readily discernible, there could be a dust deflagration hazard.
Some courts held that one must own underlying surface land in order to own the overlying airspace.
This makes the underlying surface vulnerable to rust, accelerated by exposure to saltwater.
Intuitively, the application snaps the route to the underlying surface and extends it to join existing roadways, nodes and points of interest.
Be warned, however, that some materials may be difficult to strip off without damaging the underlying surface.