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2008, 705 m, remains of secondary rainforest at creek with coffee plantation, dense understorey, swept.
These periods might be related to human disturbance to the understorey, for example, by livestock grazing.
Logged forest had lower canopy and understorey cover and fewer large trees but a larger proportion of pioneer Macarangga spp.
Nutrient losses through prescribed burning of aboveground litter and understorey in dry dipterocarp forests of different fire history, Catena 74: 321-332.
In perennial plantation crop systems, animals grazing the understorey vegetation provide manure to increase tree yields.
The boundaries may shift between grasslands, shrublands, woodlands and forests, and the understorey in some woodlands and rainforests could thicken.
Response of the understorey vegetation of boreal forest to heavy metal loading.
for management and restoration of temperate grassy woodlands: relationships among trees, topsoils and understorey flora in littlegrazed remnants.
were higher in the open than in the understorey (Takahashi and Mikami, 2006).
Low growth in Laminaria hyperborean with initial stipe lengths of less than about 40 cm suggested that the presence of canopy-forming plants suppresses growth of understorey plants.
Is the interaction between Retama sphaerocarpa and its understorey herbaceous vegetation always reciprocally positive?
Thus, traditional small-scale farming by local communities is crucial to the ibis' survival because grazing livestock and burning of the forest understorey opens up these habitats making them suitable for the birds.
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