Underwater Archaeology


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Archaeology, Underwater

 

the investigation of ancient and medieval remains located in seas, rivers, and lakes. The remains include sunken ships as well as settlements or burial grounds that were inundated as a result of a changed shoreline, an earthquake, or some other natural phenomenon. Underwater archaeology originated in the early 20th century, and operations were carried out by divers working from special vessels. Beginning in the mid-20th century, underwater operations by archaeological specialists outfitted with lightweight diving equipment acquired increasing importance.

REFERENCES

Blavatskii, V. D., and G. A. Koshelenko. Otkrytie zatonuvshego mira. Moscow, 1963.
Underwater Archaeology: A Nascent Discipline. Paris, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
This will help build a foundation for studies on Qatar's marine history and underwater archaeology.
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Alexandria, with its underwater archaeology and archaeological park, was founded by Alexander the Great in 331BC and soon became the new capital of Egypt.
4), with distinct branches of maritime archaeology (the archaeology of people of maritime cultures), nautical archaeology (the archaeology of ships and watercraft), coastal archaeology (the archaeology of people who lived in coastal zones whether the sites are now above water, underwater, or partly submerged), underwater archaeology (the study of any submerged sites e.

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